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DIARY of JOHN CRAWFORD

SERGEANT, COMPANY D 144th NEW YORK VOLUNTEERS

by Charles John Crawford Caldwell, New Jersey

About six months ago I secured the Civil Diaries of my Grandfathers cousin, Sgt. Frank John Crawford. I have completed transcribing them and now would like to share this small booklet with researchers in Delaware County and the 144th Inf. Regt. Charles J. Crawford, Caldwell, NJ 07006, October 9, 2000

Note: For this Internet version, this booklet is being presented in plain text format. This may mean that positioning of some items will not be the same as the formatted booklet put together by Charles J. Crawford. The page numbers shown below in the Index will not exist here. Also, there are no photos included here at the current time. If I can obtain the .jpg files, I will insert them.

INDEX

   
                                                   PAGE
            INTRODUCTION
 
            FRANK JOHN CRAWFORD                        1
            BACKGROUND                             2 - 4
            SURNAME INDEX                          5 - 9
            STEAMERS                                  10
            ADDRESS BOOK                              11
            MORRIS AND FOLLY ISLANDS                  12
            DIARY-BOOK 1 - 08/13/62 - 01/1/64    13 - 40
            DIARY-BOOK 2 - 01/2/64 - 10/28/64    40 - 67
            DIARY-BOOK 3 - 10/29/64 - 07/13/65   67 - 93
            EPILOGUE                             94 - 95
            SOURCES                                   96

INTRODUCTION

Frank John and I share a common ancestor, John Crawford, born in Stamford, CT., in 1767 and died in New Canaan CT., in 1821.

John and his wife, Anne Mesnard, had seven daughters and three sons, all born in New Canaan. Their sons were: Thomas, who settled and died in Pound Ridge, Westchester County, NY, William Saint, Frank John's father, who settled and died in Delhi, Delaware County, NY and Andrew, my great grandfather, who settled and died in New Canaan, Ct.

I have been researching the Crawford family for forty years and had secured considerable information on Frank John's line, prior to acquiring the diaries. However the information I had on Frank John's son Earl, was minimal since Earle left Illinois, after his fathers death in 1908 and did not return until 1950.

While searching for Earle and attempting to expand on the data I had already secured, I located Mrs. Carl (Nadine) Kirtz, Earle's loving stepdaughter, friend and confidant. She graciously supplied me with Crawford family background and offered photographs of Frank, his family and also his Civil War diary. I of course accepted this very generous offer and have enjoyed immensely the trip into the past made possible by Nadine's generosity.

FRANK JOHN CRAWFORD

Frank John Crawford was born on November 10, 1843, in Delhi, Delaware County, NY. He was the seventh of eleven children born to William Saint and Orra Sweet Crawford. ( 1 ) ( 2 )

Prior to his Civil War service Frank John was a printers apprentice in Delhi, NY. ( 3 )

He enlisted in Company D, 144th New York Volunteers, in Franklin, New York on August 13, 1862. ( 1 )

Frank was promoted to Corporal, on June 25, 1863, while stationed at Hilton Head Island, South Carolina and attained the rank of Sergeant on January 1, 1865, while also stationed at Hilton Head Island, South Carolina. ( 1 )

Frank was discharged on June 25, 1865 at Hilton Head Island, SC. Final muster took place in Elmira, NY on July 13, 1865. ( 1 )

BACKGROUND

Frank John kept three notebooks during his Civil War service starting with his enlistment on August 13, 1863, in Franklin, Delaware County, New York, through his discharge on Hilton Head Island on June 25, 1865 and his final muster on July 13, 1865 in Emira, New York.

Frank not only kept a log of his daily activities but also mentioned the names of fellow soldiers and officers he came in contact with. Additionally he included the names of prominent national figures he saw (or heard of), maintained an address book, primarily of relatives, maintained a record of letters he sent and kept a listing of his income and expense. He was a prolific writer, to say the least.

The first book, quite fragile from wear, tear, and age, was written in pencil. The cover, of leather, is now partially missing and the remainder deteriorated. Most of the writing is difficult to read.

This first book covers the period October 8, 1862 through December 31, 1863.

The first entry was on August 13, his enlistment date, but no entries were made thereafter during his stay at Camp Delaware. His recitation of daily activity starts with his leaving Camp Delaware on October 8, 1862

Actual size of this notebook is 2 1/4" x 3 1/2" x 1/4"

The second book, in much better shape, is also leather bound and somewhat worn from age. However it is in much better condition than the first notebook.

It covers the period January 1, 1864 through October 28, 1864

The big improvement is the transition from pencil to pen and an improvement in his penmanship. It is obviously much easier to read.

During this edition Frank John, for the first time lists all members of his company, with their rank. To a greater extent he is also identifying friendship developed and tasks of various soldiers or groups.

Actual size of this notebook is 3" x 4 3/4" x 1/4"

This third and last book covers the period October 29, 1864 through July 13, 1865.

This notebook is in the best shape of all. Similar to Notebook 2, it is posted with pen, leather bound, the writing is larger and penmanship has improved.

It differs from the two earlier notebooks in that his postings include more information on what is going on rather than the brief, terse statements found in the first notebook.

This book is only partially filled with his diary. A significant portion (about 30%) is dedicated to a listing of his income and expenses. This section was used after his Civil War service

Actual size of this notebook is 3 1/2" x 5 1/4"

The notebooks depicted here are true visual representations of the originals but have been reduced to 80% of actual size in order to accommodate inclusion on these pages.

Every effort has been made to transcribe exactly as appears in the handwritten original. Abbreviations, capitalization, spelling, hyphenation and punctuation, used by Frank John were followed. The terminology associated with certain items this writer was not familiar with, such as: SHOAT - a small pig, FIRKIN - a small tub and EUCHRE- a card game, was also used.

In order to match Frank Johns activities within the movement of the entire regiment, the itinerary of the 144th, as detailed in James Harvey McKees, Record of the 144th Regiment New York Volunteers, published in 1903, is shown to the left of the transcribed diary entries. In several instances the locations differ, between Frank's record and McKees.

The differences exist because of special assignments, such as Provost Guard and Dock Guard duty, given to Franks company while other companies were assigned elsewhere. Additionally, illnesses on Frank's part for extended periods resulted in his assignment to quarters while the company was detailed elsewhere.

As indicated, an attempt was made to transcribe the diaries exactly as Frank John recorded them. In many instances the handwriting was so poor, or the deterioration of the pages so advanced, it was impossible to identify the word or words. Two or three opinions were solicited without reaching a consensus. In those situations a question mark within parenthesis is shown.

In a few Instances Frank participated in activities that are not understood. For example: For a period of time he was paid for participating in the printing of a newspaper while he was apparently involved with Guard Duty. It is not known if this was a Regiment sponsored activity, to be performed during free time, or if it was a private activity, performed in free time.

In recording fellow soldier's names, Frank John used first name and initial, or first name but no initial, or just last names. The Surname Index, which follows, reflects first name, middle initial and surname as identified in McKees book but included in an abbreviated form in Frank's postings.

A big thanks to my wife Vinnie for the interest she has shown in this project and the support and assistance she has given, during the transcription phase. Her counseling and auditing of the typed version was invaluable.


                                                                                   
                             SURNAME  INDEX                                                            
                                                                                                                       
        NAME               CO. OR             DATE                                                       
SURNAME     GIVEN           RANK             NOTED          REASON  NOTED                 
                                                                                       
ANDERSON    WARREN C.       D              04/08/1863    UNIDENTIFIED LISTING          
ANDERSON    WARREN C.       PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
ANDERSON    WARREN C.       PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
ANDREWS     CHARLES H.      D              01/01/1864    12/31/63 GET TOGETHER         
ANDREWS     CHARLES H.      PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
ANDREWS     CHARLES H.      PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
ANDREWS     CHARLES H.      CORP.          01/23/1865    BOUGHT BOXING GLOVES          
AXTELL      LAFAYETE        PVT.           11/17/1864    ENTRENCHMENT GUARD            

BAILEY      HORACE E.       LT.            11/30/1864    WOUNDED                       
BARNES      NIRAM E.        CORP.          06/17/1864    ON GUARD DUTY                 
BARNES      NIRAM E.        CORP.          06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BARNES      NIRAM E.        CORP.          11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BARNHART    JOHN            PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BARTLETT    JOHN C.         PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BENNETT     CHARLES A.      SGT.           03/20/1864    CLEANEST GUN IN CO.           
BENNETT     CHARLES A.      SGT.           04/18/1864    ARRESTED                      
BENNETT     CHARLES A.      SGT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BENNETT     CHARLES A.      SGT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BENNETT     CHARLES A.      ORDERLY        01/05/1865    RELIEVED BY FJC               
BENNETT     CHARLES A.      ORDERLY        01/11/1865    CONDUCTED DRILL               
BENNETT     CHARLES A.      SGT.           02/16/1865    WITH GROUP TO BAY POINT       
BETTS       ERASTUS         PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BETTS       ERASTUS         PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BIENEY      DAVID B.        GEN.           06/05/1864    NAMED COMMANDER               
BOYCE       S.              PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BOYD        ORSAMMUS B.     LT.            02/15/1863    RESIGNED                      
BOYD        HENRY           PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BOYD        HENRY           PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BRADLEY     WILBUR          CORP.          01/25/1864    VISITED 89TH N Y V            
BRADLEY     WILBUR          CORP.          05/10/1864    ON PICKET W/FJC               
BRADLEY     WILBUR          CORP.          06/17/1864    ON GUARD DUTY                 
BRADLEY     WILBUR          CORP.          06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BRADLEY     WILBUR          CORP           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BRADLEY     WILBUR          CORP.          12/08/1864    RELIEVED BY FJC               
BRADLEY     WILBUR          CORP.          12/09/1864    RELIEVED FJC                  
BRADLEY     WILBUR          CORP           01/23/1865    BOUGHT BOXING GLOVES          
BRADLEY     WILBUR          CORP.          01/25/1865    COURT TRIAL                   
BROWN       BOLIVAR         PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BROWN       BOLIVAR         PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BRYSOUNNE   S               PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BROWNSON    W               PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BUSHNELL    GEORGE T.       PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BUSSEENE    LEWIS           PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
BUTTS       EDWARD A.       PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
 
CLARK       JOHN            CAPT.          08/31/1864    INSPECTED CO.                 
CLEAVER     ELIPHALET       PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
COBINE      JAMES H.        D              O4/08/1863    UNIDENTIFIED LISTING          
COBINE      JAMES H.        PVT.           04/09/1864    WENT FISHING W/FJC            
COBINE      JAMES H.        PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
COLGROVE    GEORGE W.       PVT.           03/20/1864    CLEANEST GUN IN CO.           
COLGROVE    GEORGE W.       PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
COLGROVE    GEORGE W.       PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
COLGROVE    GEORGE W.       CORP.          04/01/1865    MADE CORPORAL                 
COON        SIMEON          F              03/05/1864    VISITED & STAYED NIGHT        
CRAWFORD    ALONZO M.       BROTHER        04/10/1864    LETTER FROM FRANK             
CRAWFORD    ALONZO M.       BROTHER        04/14/1863    SENT BROTHER WATCH            
CRAWFORD    ALONZO M.       PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
CRAWFORD    FRANK J.        CORP.          06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
CRAWFORD    FRANK J.        CORP.          11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
CRAWFORD    FRANK J.        SGT.           01/23/1865    BOUGHT BOXING GLOVES          

DAVIES      COL./PA.                       07/06/1864    3 FINGERS SHOT OFF            
DEZELL      JAMES           CORP.          05/10/1864    ON PROVOST                    
DEZELL      JAMES           CORP.          06/17/1864    ON GUARD DUTY                 
DEZELL      JAMES           CORP.          06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
DEZELL      JAMES           CORP.          11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
DEZELL      JAMES           CORP.          01/25/1865    COURT TRIAL                   
DEZELL      JAMES           SGT.           04/01/1865    MADE  CORPORAL                
DRAKE       CHRISTOPHER A.  PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
DRAKE       CHRISTOPHER A.  PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
DRAKE       GEORGE A.       PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
DRAKE       GEORGE A.       CORP.          04/01/1865    MADE CORPORAL                 
DRAKE       THOMAS  M.      PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              

EGLESTON    MERRITT         PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
EVELAND     JOSEPH          PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              

FISH        WILLIAM H.      SGT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
FITCH       JOSEPH W.       PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
FLETCHER    JAMES           CORP./A        11/11/1864    ENTRENCHMENT GUARD            
FOOTE       ALBERT          PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
FOOTE       ALBERT          PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
FOSTER      ?               GEN.           01/12/1865    RECEIVES SEC. STANTON         
FREER       LYMAN O.        PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
FREER       SIMEON A.       PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
FREER       SIMEON A.       PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
FRISBEE     MARSHALL W.     PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
FRISBEE     MARSHALL W.     PVT.           11/13/1864    WENT TO HOSPITAL              

GEORGIA     LEVI M.         PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
GEORGIA     LEVI M.         PVT.           4/20/1864     SHARED QUARTERS               
GEORGIA     LEVI M.         PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
GIBBONS     ELI             SGT.           04/26/1864    PLAYED BACKGAMMON             
GIBBONS     ELI             SGT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
GIBBONS     ELI             LIEUT.         09/11/1864    INSPECTED CO                  
GIBBONS     ELI             LIEUT.         10/11/1864    INSPECTED CO.                 
GIBBONS     ELI             LIEUT.         11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
GIBBONS     ELI             SGT            11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
GILLMORE    DAVID B.        MAJ. GEN.      02/18/1865    EVACUATION OF CHARLESTON      
GOODMAN     SIMEON T.       PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
GORDON      ?               GEN.           06/05/1864    RELIEVED                      
GRAHAM      EDWARD          PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
GRIFFITH    EDWARD A.       LT.            03/07/1863    OFF. OF GUARD                 
GRIFFITH    EDWARD A.       CAPT.          06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
GRIFFITH    EDWARD A.       CAPT.          07/31/1864    INSPECTED CO.                 
GRIFFITH    EDWARD A.       CAPT.          09/04/1864    INSPECTED CO.                 
GRIFFITH    EDWARD A.       CAPT.          11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
GRIFFITH    EDWARD A.       CAPT.          04/20/1865    DISSENT                       
GROAT       NELSON H.       PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
GROAT       NELSON H.       PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
GURNEY      WILLIAM J.      COL.           03/15/1863    INSPECTED COMPANY             

HAIGHT      JOHN F.         PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
HAIGHT      JOHN F.         PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
HALL        IRA  W.         PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
HEBBARD     NATHANIEL H.    LIEUT.         06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
HEBBARD     NATHANEL H.     LIEUT.         11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
HINE        FRANKLIN T.     LIEUT.         050/7/1864    ON PICKET W/FJC               
HINE        FRANKLIN T.     LIEUT.         11/17/1864    OFFICER OF THE GUARD          
HOWARD      ?               GEN.           12/12/1964    SCOUTS PASSED THROUGH         
HOWE        ISSAC  B.       PVT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
HUNTER      JIM             -              01/07/1865    SERVED UNDER SHERMAN          

INGRAHAM    PHILO H.        CORP.          06/17/1864    ON GUARD DUTY                 
INGRAHAM    PHILO H.        CORP.          11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              

JACKSON     M L S           SGT.           05/10/1864    ON PROVOST                    
JACKSON     M L S           SGT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
JACKSON     M L S           SGT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
JOHNSTON    WITTER H.       CAPT.          06/03/1864    3RD ANNIVERSARY               

KNAPP       HENRY M.        PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
KNAPP       LEWIS           PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              

LAMONT      HENRY           PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
LEWIS       JANES           CAPT.          06/16/1864    AT BARRACKS                   
LEWIS       JAMES           LT. COL.       01/22/1864    REGT. COMMANDER               
LEWIS       JAMES           COL.           11/30/1864    TAKEN PRISONER                
LEWIS       JAMES           CP.            05/07/1865    SPEECH                        
LITTLEFIELD ?               GEN.           02/14/1865    CONCERN ABOUT FIRE            

MANNING     ?               COL.           01/26/1865    PUT IN NEW CELL               
McMINN      CHARLES D.      PVT.           02/16/1865    WITH GROUP TO BAY POINT       
McNEE       R.A. STUART     PVT./C         11/18/1864    HAD FIST FIGHT                
McQUEEN     EDWARD          LT./G          10/12/1864    HDQ. GUARD                    
MEIGGS      ?               GEN.           01/09/1865    VISITED HILTON HEAD           
MEIN        JOHN            C.             12/31/1863    12/31 GET TOGETHER            
MERWIN      MILTON W.       PVT.           4/18/1864     ARRESTED                      
MERWIN      MILTON W.       PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
MURRAY      FRANK           PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              

NEFF        WILLIAM J.      D              09/16/1863    DIED                          
NOBLE       ?               COL./17TH CT.  12/08/1863    BRIGADE DRILL                 
NOBLE       ?               COL./17TH CT.  04/11/1864    COMMANDED BRIGADE             
NOBLE       SAM             D              12/31/1863    12/31 GET TOGETHER            
NORTHROP    WILLIAM H.      PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              

OLES        BURNHAM         PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
OLES        MARTIN          PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              

PALMER      WILLIAM J.      D              04/08/1863    UNIDENTIFIED LISTING          
PALMER      MORELL          PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
PALMER      MORELL          PVT.           -             ADDRESS BOOK                  
PARTRIDGE   PETER           CORP./C        11/06/1864    ENTRENCHMENT GUARD            
PIERCE      EDWIN           CORP./C        11/09/1864    TOWN GUARD                    
PERSONS     HENRY M.        CORP.          03/03/1864    PLAYED BACKGAMMON             
PERSONS     HENRY M.        CORP.          11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
PIERCE      EDWIN           CORP./C        11/09/1864    TOWN GUARD                    
PIERSONS    GEORGE E.       SGT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
PIERSONS    GEORGE E.       SGT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
PLASKETT    WILLIAM         CAPT.          04/30/1864    INSPECTED CO.                 
PLASKETT    WILLIAM         CAPT.          08/31/1864    INSPECTED CO.                 

REDFIELD    THEOPHILUS      PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
RICH        JOHN            CAPT.          01/08/1865    ARRESTED 4 CO D MEN           
RICH        JOHN            CAPT.          01/11/1865    OFFICER OF THE GUARD          
RICH        JOHN            CAPT.          01/19/1865    OFFICER OF THE GUARD          
RICH        JOHN            CAPT.          06/15/1865    RELIEVED                      
ROSE        ALEXANDER       LT.            06/03/1863    RESIGNED                      

SHERMAN     E J             PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
SHEW        GEORGE W.       D              12/31/1863    12/31 GET TOGETHER            
SHEW        GEORGE W.       CORP.          06/25/1863    COMPANY D ROSTER              
SHEW        GEORGE W.       CORP.          02/08/1864    PLAYED CHECKERS               
SHEW        GEORGE W.       CORP.          02/19/1864    PLAYED CHECKERS               
SHEW        GEORGE W.       CORP.          03/18/1864    SHARED QUARTERS               
SHEW        GEORGE W.       CORP.          03/28/1864    DID THE TOWN W/FJC            
SHEW        GEORGE W.       CORP.          04/05/1864    SHARED QUARTERS W/FJC         
SHEW        GEORGE W.       SGT.           11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
SHEW        GEORGE W.       SHT.           01/31/1865    RELIEVED BY FJC               
SINES       WILSON          PVT.           02/16/1865    AT BOAT HOUSE                 
SLIDELL     WILLIAM J.      COL./PA        06/30/1864    INSPECTED CO.                 
SLIDELL     WILLIAM J.      COL./PA        08/19/1864    TO WASHINGTON                 
SMITH       EBENEZER A.     D              02/18/1863    LOANED MONEY                  
SMITH       W. HARRISON     PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
SMITH       W. HARRISON     CORP.          11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
SMITH       W. HARRISON     CORP.          01/24/1865    FJC WITNESS AT HIS TRIAL      
SMITH       ?               GEN.           01/18/1865    WRITES ABOUT TRIAL            
SPRAGUE     IRA G.          SGT.           04/29/1864    SET TYPE                      

TAYLOR      CHARLES         PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
TELFORD     THOMAS          C              12/31/1863    12/31 GET TOGETHER            
TIFFANY     GILES           PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
TOWNSEND    E D             ADJ. GEN.      01/09/1865    VISITED HILTON HEAD           
TREMPER     NELSON          D              03/09/1863    DIED                          
TUTTLE      WILLIAM H.      PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              

VAN TASSEL  WILLIAM J.      D              03/22/1863    DIED                          

WAY         JAMES M.        D              10/10/1863    DIED                          
WHEAT       WATSON A.       D              07/17/1863    DIED                          
WHITE       JONATHAN        PVT.           06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
WILSON      FRED            D              04/08/1863    UNIDENTIFIED LISTING          
WOOLCOTT    ALBERT C.       CORP.          06/25/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
WOOLCOTT    ALBERT C.       CORP.          11/10/1864    COMPANY D ROSTER              
WOOLCOTT    ALBERT C.       CORP.          02/16/1865    WITH GROUP TO BAY POINT       
WRIGHT      E. KIRK         D              03/25/1863    DIED                          

PROMINENT PERSONALITIES MENTIONED IN DIARIES



NAME                                                                                   
SURNAME     GIVEN           RANK           DATE          OCCASION                      
                                                                                       
DAVIS       JEFFERSON       PRES.          05/16/1865    ARRIVED FROM SAVANNAH         
GRANT       ULYSIS          LT. GEN.       02/15/1865    PRISONER EXCHANGE             
LINCOLN     ABRAHAM         PRES.          03/04/1865    STARTS PRESIDENCY             
LINCOLN     ABRAHAM         PRES.          04/18/1865    ASSASSINATION NEWS            
LINCOLN     ABRAHAM         PRES.          04/30/1865    BURIAL                        
JOHNSTON    JOSEPH E.       REB. GEN.      04/30/1865    SURRENDERS                    
JOHNSTON    JOSEPH E.       REB. GEN.      05/01/1865    100 GUN SALUTE                
LONGSTREET  JAMES           REB. GEN.      05/03/1864    DRIVEN OFF                    
SHERMAN     WILLIAM T.      MAJ. GEN.      12/20/1864    VISITED HILTON HEAD           
SHERMAN     WILLIAN T.      MAJ. GEN.      12/21/1864    VISITED HILTON HEAD           
SHERMAN     WILLIAM T       MAJ. GEN.      12/26/1864    SOLDIERS SAILED HOME          
SHERMAN     WILLIAM T.      MAJ. GEN.      03/09/1865    GETS REINFORCEMENTS           
SHERMAN     WILLIAM T.      MAJ. GEN.      04/30/1865    REPORTS REB.  SURRENDER       
STANTON     EDWIN           SEC. WAR.      01/08/1865    VISITED HILTON HEAD           
STANTON     EDWIN           SEC. WAR       01/12/1865    CANCELLED VISIT               
STANTON     EDWIN           SEC. WAR       01/14/1865    PRESENTED ARMS                

STEAMERS


NAME              DATES   MENTIONED                                   FUNCTION     
                                                                                   
ARAGO             10/1/64, 10/10/64, 11/2/64, 12/26/64                TRANSPORT    
                   3/26/65, 3/28/6, 5/17/65, 6/13/65                             
BALTIE            4/10/1965                                           MAIL BOAT    
MARY BENTON       6/11/1964                                           TRANSPORT    
JOHN BROOK        6/30/1965                                           TRANSPORT    
COMMERCE          7/10/1963                                           TUG          
COSMOPOLITAN      7/10/1964                                           TRANSPORT    
EMILY             5/16/1965                                           TRANSPORT    
FULTON            12/12/64, 3/18/65, 4/10/65, 4/18/65, 5/9/65,        TRANSPORT    
                   5/21/65, 5/25/65, 6/5/65, 6/21/65                               
JOHN RICE         8/9/1963                                            TRANSPORT    
JOHN W. WARREN    8/7/1963                                            TRANSPORT    
KENARCHECK        6/1/1863                                            TRANSPORT    
MAYFLOWER         7/1/64, 12/17/64                                    PICKET       
W. W. CORT        4/15/1965                                           TRANSPORT    

Numerous vessels were used by the Union forces to supply and transport their troops serving in the Charleston, SC and Jacksonville, FL theatres. The above listing represents those vessels Frank John observed or traveled on and mentioned in his diary.

ADDRESS BOOK - FRANK JOHN CRAWFORD


Names & Addresses               Identification

Mr. & Mrs. W.S. Crawford        Parents of Frank John Crawford - William Saint
Delhi Delaware County           and Orra Sweet Crawford
New York

W.B. & C.H. Crawford            Oldest brother Walter B. Crawford. Walters wifes
Galva Henry County              name was Jane Gilday Crawford. C H is brother
Illinois                        Charles H. who resided with Walter at the time.

Mrs. H.M. Holmes                Sister Helen who was married to Orrin Holmes a
Cooperstown Otsego County       Union soldier, killed on 08/16/864 serving with
New York                        the 16th Heavy Artillery Regiment.

Mr. T. W. Crawford              Theodore Crawford, brother of Frank and two
Downsville Delaware County      years older than Frank. Served in the 72nd
New York                        Infrantry Regiment. Identified as a Drummer

M.A. & E.J. Crawford            Although not certain these individuals could be
Delhi Delaware County           Frank Johns sisters, Melissa A. and Emma
New York

A.M. & M.G. Crawford            Alonzo M. was Franks brother and served in the
Delhi Delaware county           144th also. Alonzo did not marry until 1867 so
New York                        M.G. probably refers to sister Mary

Miss Alice M. Hunt              Unknown. Probably a friend
West Davenport Delaware County

Mr. John Crawford               Son of Andrew Crawford. John was Frank Johns
396 Sixth Avenue                cousin. John had a bakery store in New York City
New York                        near 24th Street.

Eliza Crawford                  Was Frank Johns Aunt and was his Fathers sister.
571 Broadway
New York

Michael Plank                   Unknown. Probably a friend
Summerfield Monore county
Michigan

Miss Jennie Cottrell            Eventually married Alonzo, Frank Johns brother
Delhi Delaware County
New York

Mr. T.M. Spirens                Unknown. Probably a friend.
Andes Delaware County
New York

Morell Palmer                   Was in Company D with Frank John
Meredeth Delaware County
New York

MORRIS AND FOLLY ISLANDS

After the capture of Fort Sumpter, the Confederacy improved and strengthened the Fort, as well as installing batteries and constructing forts in and around Charleston Harbor. Although a Union blockade was in effect, the Union Nval forces could not breach the defenses (15)

General Quincy A. Gillmore was placed in command of the Department of the South in June 1863. He immediately initiated aggressive action against the fortifications of Charleston. The 144th was ordered to Folly Island, an island on the shore of South Carolina, close to Charleston harbor. (15)

Frank John landed on Folly Island on August 12, 1863 and left on June 11, 1864, ten months later. It was probably the most difficult period during his almost three years of army service. The first bout of sickness started on August 21, 1863 and continued through early October. Frank was excused from duty and was unable to join the regiment when they were detailed elsewhere.

He had a second bout of illness starting on January 31, 1865 through March 17, the same year. He was unable to join the regiment when they went to Jacksonville toward the end of February, but remained in camp with the other ill soldiers.

Frank's illness, at least the first time was rather common in the 144th. In October 1863, 41% of the Regiment was ill and incapaciated, probably due to contaminated water and food.(15)

FRANK JOHN CRAWFORD: DIARY

Franklin, NY

August 13, 1862
Is the day I enlisted and was sworn in

Camp Delaware
Delhi, NY

October 8, 1862 -
Is the day we left Camp Delaware for the rest of the war.

October 13, 1862 -
Arrived at Washington

Camp Bliss
Upton's Hill, VA

October 18, 1862 -
In camp at Fort Ethen Allen. Reached Camp Bliss 9 o'clock evening

January 25, 1863 - Sunday
To-day I was on Inspection as usual.

January 26, 1863 - Monday
To-day is very pleasant and warm, there is to be a knapsack drill at 2:o'clock

January 27, 1863 - Tuesday
To-day we went out and shot blank cartidges

January 28, 1863 - Wednesday
To-day I was drawn on Guard but got supernumerary. So I did not stand.

January 29, 1863 - Thursday
Last night and to-day it has snowed hard and the snow is eight inches deep now.

January 30, 1863 - Friday
Today Co D and Co J went out on Picket. We are the 21st Company Arkansaru

January 31, 1863 - Saturday
To-day it is very pleasant out. The sun shines out warm. (?)

February 1, 1863 - Sunday
Last night our shanty burnt down. It is raining hard Counter sign is Passaic.

February 2, 1863 - Monday
To-day we returned from Picket. Weather is middlin cold and is pretty windy.

February 3, 1863 - Tuesday
This morning we went and got wood before breakfast snowing pretty hard and windy

February 4, 1863 - Wednesday
To-day it is pretty chilly had knapsack Drill as usual.

Camp Bliss
Upton Hills, VA

February 5, 1863 - Thursday
This morning the wind blows and the snow flies good. No drill today

February 6, 1863 - Friday
Today the sun shined warm. Carried water muddy as fury.

February 7, 1863 - Saturday
To-day I was up to Jims tent most all day I would like to tent with them

February 8, 1863 - Sunday
To-day had Inspection as usual. To-day is a very pleasant day.

February 9, 1863 - Monday
To-day is quite spring like. The Paymaster came to-day and is paying us off

February 10, 1863 - Tuesday
We were paid last night up to the first of November I received $21.23

February 11, 1863- Wednesday
To-day I am on guard the Boys have re'ced orders to pack up counter sign is

Camp California
VA

February 12, 1863 - Thursday
Today we packed up and came to Fairfax Seminary. Alexandria is in sight of here

February 13, 1863 - Friday
To-day I am on Police duty. 2 o'clock the Col. told us to stop Police work

Camp Cloud's
Alexandria, VA

MillsFebruary 14, 1863 - Saturday
This morning we packed up and changed Camp Ground. countesign is New Bern

February 15, 1863 - Sunday
It rained all the fore noon We had Dress Parade today. Lieut O. B. Boyd resigned Co D 2nd Lieut

February 16, 1863 - Monday
Today it has been very pleasant. went up to Ft Worth Seminary

February 17, 1863 - Tuesday
This morning it commenced snowing and to-night the snow is six inches deep.

Camp Cloud's Mills
Alexandria, VA

February 18, 1863 - Wednesday
To-day it is very muddy. I lent E A Smith five dollars to be paid first pay day

February 19, 1863 - Thursday
To-day it is quite pleasant. The Col. came back and brought a Wheat with him

February 20, 1863 - Friday
To-day I am on Guard post No 6. The wind blows pretty hard it makes the tent shake.

February 21, 1863 - Saturday
This morning it is very pleasant and the sun shines out warm

February 22, 1863 - Sunday
This morning I awoke to find 3 inches of snow and more coming on.

February 23, 1863 - Monday
To-day they commenced picking out men for the Co. of Sharp Shooters

February 24, 1863 - Tuesday
To-day we commenced to bring boys for our Tent. pleasant day.

February 25, 1863 - Wednesday
To-day the sun shines and the snow is thawing
fast. On Police to-day

February 26, 1863 - Thursday
It has rained all day to-day and the snow is most gone.

February 27, 1863 - Friday
This morning the snow is all gone and it is quite pleasant was on Guard to-day

Falls Church, VA

February 28, 1863 - Saturday
This morning I went to Alexandria and then up the railroad to load wood 20 miles

Vienna, VA

March 1, 1863 - Sunday
This morning it is raining quite hard. Yesterday we were mustered for pay.4 months $52.00

March 2, 1863 - Monday
To-day is the first time we have had drill in three weeks. Today we found lice Lice

March 3, 1863 - Tuesday
To-day the 144th and 127th commenced digging Breastworks.
It rained and poured so we had to stop.

March 4, 1863 - Wednesday
Ordered out at 7 1/2 clock to go and work on Regt work. Sun shines and wind blows hard.

March 5, 1863 - Thursday
Today the 123rd and 122nd Relieved us. They are at work on the Breastwork now.

March 6, 1863 - Friday
To-day I am on Guard at post no. nine. Hailed little last night rained some today.
Connecticut.

March 7, 1863 - Saturday
This morning it rains very hard. Lieut. E. A Griffith Officer of the Guard first time

March 8, 1863 - Sunday
To-day we had inspection as usual and at Dress Parade we had prayer.

March 9, 1863 - Monday
(N T ) died to-day. We built up our tent and tonight the Lieut. gave us oyster soup.

March 10, 1863 - Tuesday
It rained all day when it did not snow.

March 11, 1863 - Wednesday
Today I am on guard at Post No. 3 at the prisoner's tent. Don't have the counter sign

March 12, 1863 - Thursday
Today the boys are on the Breastwork as usual. Rather cold today.

March 13, 1863 - Friday
To-day I went up to work and the wind blew and the snow flew and it was cold.

March 14, 1863 - Saturday
To-day I went off to work on the Breastwork. Col. brought us up some dinner

March 15, 1863 - Sunday
Inspection by Bill Gurnery. Snow to-night pretty hard.

March 16, 1863 - Monday
It has snowed almost all day today. No one has gone to dig today

March 17, 1863 - Tuesday
To-day I am guarding Clouds Grist Mills. It looks as though he had done a good thing
here.

March 18, 1863 - Wednesday
To-day we are still guarding the mill turned out the guard and (?) (?) (?)

March 19, 1863 - Thursday
This morning we took a derrijohn with a gallon of Whiskey in. Relived by 143rd Regt.

March 20, 1863 - Friday
We started to go to work, but did not go on account of the snow storm

March 21, 1863 - Saturday
This forenoon we put up our Bunks and things look like living.

March 22, 1863 - Sunday
Today Wm J Van Tassel died. 6 o'clock. To-day is the first day we have had this Spring

March 23, 1863 - Monday
Today we reposted three hundred and ten men for the Breastworks. Pleasant to-day

March 24, 1863 - Tuesday
Today I am on Guard at Post No 16. Way up to the Barn. It rains to-night

March 25, 1863 - Wednesday
4th Sergeant E. Kirk Wright died this morning. To-day the sun shines warm and it is pleasant.

March 26, 1863 - Thursday
To-day we went up to work. It is quite pleasant to-day. I don't know how many we reposted.

March 27, 1863 - Friday
To-day we went to work as usual. The sun shone so as to make us feel it through our
coat.

March 28,1863 - Saturday
At 4 o'clock. We were ordered to be ready to march at a moments notice. Started at 6
o'clock

March 29, 1863 - Sunday
Camped at Falls Church at 11 o'clock. Acted as Sergeant of the guard at the.Tavern.

March 30, 1863 - Monday
This morning we started at 6 o'clock, marched until noon I guess. arrived at Vienna.

March 31, 1863 - Tuesday
To-day Co. D. went off on Picket, started one day. The other companies are digging intrenchments

April 1, 1863 - Wednesday
Snow fell last night three inch deep. Cold and the wind blows. Digging to-day.

April 2, 1863 - Thursday
To-day am quite sick. My head aches and I am sick to my stomach.

April 3, 1863 - Friday
To-day I don't feel any better. Co. D. went out on Picket. I didn't go.

April 4, 1863 - Saturday
To-day I am on Guard. And we changed our Camp ground. Countersign (?)

April 5, 1863 - Sunday
Last night it snowed to a depth of a foot. And This morning it is cold as fury.

April 6, 1863 - Monday
It is quite cold to-day. The Boys came in from Picket to-day.
They said it was quite cold. The Boys killed a hog to-day.

April 7, 1863 - Tuesday
To-day it is quite cold. I have been to-bed most
all day. I had fresh pork for Breakfast.

April 8, 1863 - Wednesday
James Cobine, Fred Wilson, Warren Anderson,
C J Palmer, Corp. F J. Crawford
( Manaeh ? )

April 9, 1863 - Thursday
Came in from Picket this morning. had Camp
drill this afternoon.

April 10, 1863 - Friday
Called in from drill to prepare to march
Started at 2 o'clock and arrived at our old camp
at 5 o'clock.

Camp Cloud's Mills, VA

April 11, 1863 - Saturday I woke this morning Stiff
and sore. This afternoon my appointment as Corporal was read.

April 12, 1863, Sunday
To-day the order for us to take the field was
read. To-day it is quite pleasant and warm.

April 13, 1863 - Monday
Today I am Corporal of the Guard for the first
time. It is quite warm to-day ( Manchester ? )

April 14, 1863 - Tuesday
To-day I sent my watch home to my Brother
Alonzo M. Crawford. Pleasant.

On Steamboat Hero

April 15, 1863 - Wednesday
Called out at 4 o'clock this morning to
march to Alexandria at a (?) (?) (?)

Norfolk, VA

April 16, 1863 - Thursday
I marched 60 miles from Washington on the Potomac.
Seen Mount Vernon arrived at Fortress Monroe 5 o'cl.

Suffolk, VA

April 17, 1863 - Friday
Arrived at Norfolk last night at 8 P. M.
slept on the dock. Came up on the
cars to somewhere.

April 18, 1863 - Saturday
Today I went over to the 89th and seen all the
Delhi Boys that are in Camp. I was happy to
see them.

April 19, 1863 - Sunday
Had Sunday inspection. We were called out in
line twice. Once in the night.

April 20, 1863 - Monday
Last night the 89th took a Battery and 126
Rebels, , Prisoners. Warm and pleasant.

April 21, 1863 - Tuesday
On Guard at Brigade Headquarters Rather
cool today. Seen ( ? )this afternoon.

Suffolk, VA

April 22, 1863 - Wednesday
Did not have any drill to-day. As the Boys star'd
out in the Rifle Pits last night.

April 23, 1863 - Thursday
It rained most all day to-day and all night too.
Ed and Leon was over to day.

April 24, 1863 - Friday
It rained most all day to-day. We were Called out to-day at 2
o'clock and stacked our guns on the Color line.

April 25, 1863 - Saturday
To-day I done my own washing. Called out at 4 o'clock to
stack arms on the Color line

April 26, 1863 - Sunday
To-day we had preaching for the first time in a long while, it
is very warm and pleasant.

April 27, 1863 - Monday
To-day I am about sick. It is very pleasant to-day. The 142nd
was paid to-day. Called out at 4 0'clock this morning.

April 28, 1863 - Tuesday
Today it has rained most all day. We expected to get our pay
to-day but did not.

April 29, 1863 - Wednesday
We were paid to-day, 4 months wages $52.00. 40 dollars in
allotment and $12.00 in cash

April 30, 1863 - Thursday
We were mustered in for pay to-day. But did not have any
Inspection it be so rainy.

May 1, 1863 - Friday
On Guard to-day around Camp 13 on a Relief. Sun shines
warm. Regt went out but did not fight

May 2, 1863 - Saturday
Nothing of any account occurred to-day. I went in a Bathing,
and swam across the Nansemorril

May 3, 1863 - Sunday
Called out at 7 1/2 and went up in town and staid there a long
time and then went across the River expecting to fight.

May 4, 1863 - Monday
Withdrew our forces at 9 P.M. We covered
their retreat. Some three hundred prisoners
and deserters, come in-today

Steamer Spaulding

May 5, 1863 - Tuesday
Left camp this morning went to the Depot got aboard a train and
came to Norfolk rained hard.

May 6, 1863 - Wednesday
Put us on board a Transport and in the
morning came to Fortress Monroe. Laid off
the Fort to-day

West Point, VA

May 7, 1863 - Thursday
Left Fortress Monroe and came to West Point,VA raining to-day.

May 8, 1863 - Friday
Had to dig Breastworks this morning. Had to
Carry Timber for Breastworks after-noon

May 9, 1863 - Saturday
Had to work on the Breastworks tonight.
Nothing of note occurred to-day.

May 10, 1863 - Sunday
Today we had to dig four hours. Had fresh
Oysters for supper.

May 11, 1863 - Monday
To-day Cp. D. went down to the dock to fetch
up reb. prisoners Co. D went out to dig at six
o'clock. P.M.

May 12, 1863 - Tuesday
Camp is all quiet to-day. Some Cos, have been
out to die to-day. It is awful warm

May 13, 1863 - Wednesday
Co. D. went out at 6 A.M. and returned at 12
M. This afternoon layed out in the woods.

May 14, 1863 - Thursday
I am on Guard to-day. There is 6 men on a
Relief. Warm and pleasant

May 15, 1863 - Friday
Straightened up our tents to-day. Countersign
last night was Ely's Yard.

May 16, 1863 - Saturday
Called up at four o'clock eat breakfast and
went out and worked all day digging

West Point, VA

May 17, 1863 - Sunday
Had Sunday morning Inspection and layed
around the rest of the day.

May 18,1863 - Monday
We removed our Camp to-day. We are the fourth Company
from the right. Warm and pleasant.

May 19, 1863 - Tuesday
We have got our tents all pitched in our new camp. It is a
pleasant day to-day.

May 20, 1863 - Wednesday
We have fixed up our bow houses. Every tent in the Regt.
Has a bow house in front, 4 feet wide.

May 21, 1863 - Thursday
Today the 144th was detached to work on the Entrenchments
all day. Warm.

May 22, 1863 - Friday
Today we had three Drills, first, Company 2nd Bayonet 3rd
Skirmmish Drill

May 23, 1863 - Saturday
This morning we had Company Drill. And this afternoon put
a pair of pockets in my Pants.

May 24, 1863 - Sunday
As usual we had Sunday morning Inspection. We had a
sermon this forenoon and Prayer meeting this evening.

May 25, 1863 - Monday
Drilled this fore-noon. It rained this afternoon and evening.
Went on Picket to-night

May 26, 1863 - Tuesday
This afternoon we went out on Police Duty, and carried ties to
build a magazine.

May 27, 1863 - Wednesday
To-day I am on Guard. There is 6 men on a relief. Had
Battalion Drill this afternoon. Warm and pleasant.

May 28, 1863 - Thursday
To-day it is warm and pleasant. Had Drills as usual.

West Point, VA

May 29, 1863 - Friday
Today we went up through the Picket lines
and cut down trees for Breastworks.

May 30, 1863 - Saturday
This morning at roll call we had an order to be ready to leave
at a moments notice. rained to-day some.

May 31, 1863 - Sunday
Called out at 11 o'clock to dig last night. Called out at 6
o'clock to go on Picket.

Yorktown, VA

June 1, 1863 - Monday
Called in this morning at 8 o'clock.
Came to Yorktown. Transport Kenareheck.

June 2, 1863 - Tuesday
Reported sick this morning marked Co. D. quite warm and pleasant today.

June 3, 1863 - Wednesday
Reported sick this morning, marked quarters. Lieut Rose's
resignation was read.

June 4, 1863 - Thursday
Reported sick again. marked Co. D to-day. It is a very
pleasant day.

June 5, 1863 - Friday
Well as normal to-day. Had Brigade Drill this afternoon.
Weather still continues good.

June 6, 1863 - Saturday
I am on Guard to-day. There is eight on Relief. Same Officer
and sergeant of the Guard as was on the last time.

June 7, 1863 - Sunday
It has been very cold and chilly to-day. Had Services to-day
and Prayer meeting this evening.

June 8, 1863 - Monday
We had orders to be ready to march tomorrow at 10 o'clock
A.M. rained to-day quite hard.

Williamsburg, VA

June 9, 1863 - Tuesday
Started on our march at 10 o'clock A.M. marched
two miles above Williamsburg
arrived at 6 o'clock

June 10, 1863 - Wednesday
To-day we have lain still in camp.
There is two Brigades, two Batteries, and a Regt Cavalry.

Twelve Mile Ordinary, VA

June 11, 1863 - Thursday
Started out at 5 o'clock A.M. marched 15 miles
up the Peninsula. halted at 3 o'clock killed
a shoat eat supper and went on Picket.

June 12, 1863 - Friday
Was on Picket all day. Started and came back two miles.
Pickets fired some last night.

June 13, 1863 - Saturday
Still in Camp to-day. Have nothing to do but eat Fresh meat
and Poultry.

Barhamsville, VA June 14, 1863 - Sunday
Laid up under the fence to-day, and eat a fat chicken
to-day. Warm and pleasant to-day. Our sick came
up to-day from Williamsburg

June 15, 1863 - Monday
Started out at eleven o'clock and marched about 25 miles. We
are in New Kent County. 3 miles fromYork River.

June 16, 1863 - Tuesday
Advanced our Picket two miles. We are having good eating
nowadays, all fresh. plenty of eggs.

June 17, 1863 - Wednesday
We are still on our Picket. To-day we done our Washing. I
can see the spots on my shirt that were not washed.

June 18, 1863 - Thursday
To-day it is very warm. We signed our Pay Roll this evening.
It rained quite hard last night.

June 19, 1863 - Friday
This morning we were ordered to fall in and we marched to
the shore and re'ced our pay.

June 20, 1863 - Saturday
To-day it is quite cool the sun does not shine. It rained some
last night and will have some more to-day.

June 21, 1863 - Sunday
Our Cavalry went out and were fired into. One of the men
was taken prisoner. Warm and pleasant.

June 22, 1863 - Monday
All quiet to-day, except the contrabands still keep coming in
our lines.

June 23, 1863 - Tuesday
We were called into Camp and stayed a little while and then
we went out on Picket again. Warm and pleasant.

June 24, 1863 - Wednesday
Called in Camp again at dark. Rained some this afternoon.
Killed a shoat and had some fresh pork.

June 25, 1863 - Thursday
To-day the troops have been marching by all day. Rained
some this afternoon.

4 Miles south - White House, VA

June 26, 1863 - Friday
We left Barnesville at 9 A.M marched
to Cumberland Landing one mile from (New
Rent ? ) Co H

June 27, 1863 - Saturday
White House, VAWe left Cumberland Landing and marched to White Horse Landing arrived at 11
o'clock.

June 28, 1863 - Sunday
To-day we have lain still all day. I went over to the 89th and
seen the Delhi Boys.

June 29, 1863 - Monday
To-day we are still in Camp. The forces are coming up the
river all the while, and we have quite a force here now.

June 30, 1863 - Tuesday
We are still in Camp. It rained all day to-day. The story is we
are going to leave in the morning.

July 1, 1863 - Wednesday
The Boys are bathing every day. The troops are still coming
in. We shant leave to day I think.

July 2, 1863 - Thursday
We were called out at 11 o'clock to-night and marched
about 5 or 6 miles to the Picket lines and relieved those who
were there.

July 3, 1863 - Friday
We were relieved from Picket this afternoon, and returned to
Camp. It is the warmest day I ever seen in my short life.

White House, VA

July 4, 1863 - Saturday
To-day is the 4th and while this is (?) not at home enjoying it
there is (?) (?)at ever is (?) (?) in the field that night to
enjoy.

July 5, 1863 - Sunday
This is a very pleasant day but rather warm. We had Sunday
Inspection as usual this forenoon. Cannot write to any one to-
day.

July 6, 1863 - Monday
It rained quite hard last evening and it is rather squalid
looking to-day.

July 7, 1863 - Tuesday
We were called out this morning and worked on the Railroad
tearing up the track.

Barhamsville, VA

July 8, 1863 - Wednesday
This morning we were called up at 3 1/2o'clock
and started off and came to Barnesville.

Steamer United States

July 9, 1863 - Thursday
Started off this morning at 4 o'clock and came
to Williamsburg. Guard the baggage train.

Washington, D.C.

July 10, 1863 - Friday
Left Williamsburg at 5A.M.arrived Yorktown at
12 1/2 o'clock took us on board the (Tug ) Commerce at 6 P.M.

To Frederick, MD

July 11, 1863 - Saturday Arrived at Washington at 5 P.M.
took supper at the Soldiers Retreat. Went aboard the
cars at 9 P.M. smashed up at 3 A.M. run into.

July 12, 1863 - Sunday
We were on the cars all day to-day. It rained quite hard part
of the day.

July 13, 1863 - Monday
We arrived at Frederick City at 9 A.M. marched up to camp
and shared rations

Near Boonsboro, PA

July 14, 1863 - Tuesday
We started from Camp and marched up to Camp at
Middletown, Md, had a hard march to-day this does not look
much like Va.

July 15, 1863 - Wednesday
Berlin, MDWe had a good march to-day, we went
9 miles out of the way, and it rained pretty hard.

Berlin, MD

July 16, 1863 - Thursday
Arrived in Camp about dark last night, and we have stayed in
Camp all day.

July 17, 1863 - Friday
To-day we moved our Camp to our (?) Our Camp is the 11th.
W.A. Wheat died the 9th inst.

July 18, 1863 - Saturday
To-day it is quite pleasant. I am nearly sick to-day. If I was at
home I would not do anything this day.

Near Leesburg, VA

July 19, 1863 - Sunday
We were called up at 8 o'clock this morning and
crossed the Pontoons. Marched 20 mile to-day.

Goose Creek, VA

July 20, 1863 - Monday
Called up this morning early as usual, and marched
from 12 to 15 miles. Corporal of the rear guard to-day.

July 21, 1863 - Tuesday
We have layed still in the woods all day to-day. We have all
the fresh mutton and lamb that we can eat. Rained some this
forenoon.

July 22, 1863 - Wednesday
Had Battalion drill this forenoon: came in from Battalion
drill and had to go out on a re-connaisance about 16 miles,
returned to camp.

July 23, 1863 - Thursday
Called up and started without any rations. Marched some 20
odd miles, arrived 12 A M marched in the wind after dark.

July 24, 1863 - Friday
To-day we have layed in camp. I done my washing this
afternoon. It is awful warm.

New Baltimore, VA

July 25, 1863 - Saturday
Called out at 2 1/2 and rolled up our blanket eat our breakfast
and left camp at 4 o'clock. Marched 18 miles. halted at 12
o'clock.

July 26, 1863 - Sunday
Have layed still in camp to-day. We have had our mail this
evening for the first time in two weeks.

July 27, 1863 - Monday
We are still in the woods. There is a camp rumor that this Brigade is to stay and guard this Rail Road.

July 28, 1863 - Tuesday
We are now in Camp, but we expect to go and crop the Rappahanock, before long, rained last night

July 29, 1863 - Wednesday
Strange! Although we are in camp to-day. It is quite pleasant and warm.

July 30, 1863 - Thursday
This morning we were called in from Drill, and removed our Camp ground about a quarter of a mile

Greenwich, VA

August 1, 1863 - Saturday

Called up this morning at 2 o'clock to eat breakfast and be ready to start, at 5 o'clock.
Called in line at 5 o'clock and started off. Marched about 16 miles.

August 2, 1863 - Sunday
Orders came at dark to be ready to march at 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. I am Corp. of the
3rd Relief. There is 8 men on a relief.

Warrenton Junction, VA

August 3, 1863 - Monday
Started at 3 o'clock and marched about 8 miles to Catletts Station. The heat is awful this forenoon.

August 4, 1863 - Tuesday
To-day we have layed still in camp. We re'ced our two months pay to-day.

August 5, 1863 - Wednesday
We have been in camp to-day. I am detailed to go on Picket to-morrow morning.

Alexandria, VA

August 6, 1863 - Thursday
The Bugle sounded at 3 o'clock this morning. We started at 5, arrived at
Alexandria about half past eight.

On Steamer John W. Warner

August 7, 1863 - Friday
We were put on the Transport John A. Warner and are going down the Potomac.

Newport News, VA

August 8, 1863 - Saturday
Arrived at New port News about 4 o'clock and en camped.

Steamer John Rice

August 9, 1863 - Sunday
About midnight we were ordered on board the Transport
John Rice.

August 10, 1863 - Monday
We are on our way to Charleston, so at least no rainy day.

August 11, 1863 - Tuesday
We are now sailing on the "Dark blue Sea" and it is quite
smooth.

Folly Island, SC

August 12, 1863 - Wednesday
Landed on Folly Island about Dark. It was smooth as ever known.

August 13, 1863 - Thursday
We marched about 5 miles to-day. to our Camp.

August 14, 1863 - Friday
To-day we are laying still in Camp.. Awful poor water here.

August 15, 1863 - Saturday
Our Regt. Went on Morris Island for Picket Duty. One man
killed and one wounded Co. H.

August 16, 1863 - Sunday
Our Regt. Came in from Picket to-day. They were in a hilly
place.

Morris Island, SC

August 17, 1863 - Monday
Our Brigade has gone up to Morris Island for 3 days Duty. I am left in Camp.

August 18, 1863 - Tuesday
Everything is quiet in Camp to-day. Hardly anyone but sick
here.

August 19, 1863 - Wednesday
Still and quiet, We can only hear the Booming of Cannon.

August 20, 1863 - Thursday
All is quiet to-day. To-morrow we are to move camp to
Morris Island.

August 21, 1863 - Friday
This morning we are all ready to move. About 9 o'clock we
started and came to the Regt.

August 22, 1863 - Saturday
To-day it has been quite Still. Not much firing on either side.

August 23, 1863 - Sunday
We are in Camp to-day, and everything os Still and quiet.

August 24, 1863 - Monday
Orders to go on Picket at 7 P.M. one days rations in our
Haversack. Leave tents standing in Camp.

August 25, 1863 - Tuesday
Tonight we were ordered to the front but did not go. As we
drove the Rebs from their pits Returned from Picket

August 26, 1863 - Wednesday
To-day I am on Guard. There is 8 men on a Relief. It rains to-
day

August 27, 1863 - Thursday
This is an awful cold day. I have to sit by the fire and can
hardly keep warm then.

August 28, 1863 - Friday
It is rather pleasanter to-day. I reported sick and was marked
Quarters. I am sick all over shaking as I feel.

Folly Island, SC

August 29, 1863 - Saturday
Reported sick this morning, and was marked quarters. Quite
pleasant to-day.

August 30, 1863 - Sunday
We left Morris Island, and came to our old camp on Folly
Island last night This Brigade is reported unfit for Duty.

August 31, 1863 - Monday
Orders came to strike tents and move camp. We moved about
half a mile down the beach. Were mustered for pay to-day.

September 1, 1863 - Tuesday
To-day the Boys are policing the Avenue. Hereafter there has
got to be Drill twice a day.

September 2, 1863 - Wednesday
Reported Sick and was marked Quarters. Received 2 powders,
take one this morning and one at bed time.

September 3, 1863 - Thursday
Reported sick and was marked Quarters. Received 3
powders, take one every 4 hours.

September 4, 1863 - Friday
Reported sick and marked quarters. Received some powders.

September 5, 1863 - Saturday
Reported sick and marked quarters. Received 3 powders to
take every eight hours. feel bad to-day.

September 6, 1863 - Sunday
Reported sick and was marked quarters. Received a drink and
some pills. The Regt. was called out last night and came back
this morning.

September 7, 1863 - Monday
Reported Sick and was marked quarters. Received 3 powders;
take every eight hours.

September 8, 1863 - Tuesday
Reported sick was marked quarters. Received a drink and two
pills. Very heavy firing to-
day.

September 9, 1863 - Wednesday
Did not report to-day. It is most awful warm. Not much firing
to-day.

September 10, 1863 - Thursday
Reported to the Doctors with a Boyle on my ankle, and was
marked quarters. Use flax seed poultise.

September 11, 1863 - Friday
Reported this morning, and was marked quarters. Poultise it
every hour. Cool to-day.

September 12, 1863 - Saturday
Reported this morning and was marked Quarters. Had my
foot painted and Bandaged up.

September 13, 1863 - Sunday
Reported this morning and was marked Quarters. Nothing
done with it to-day. Had
preaching this afternoon.

September 14, 1863 - Monday
Reported this morning. Marked quarters. Poultise it every
hour. Rained hard last night.

September 15, 1863 - Tuesday
Reported this morning and was marked Quarters. Put on Flax
Seed Poultise.

September 16, 1863 - Wednesday
Reported and marked Quarters. Do nothing with it today.
Wm J. Neff died this morning.

September 17, 1863 - Thursday
Think I can get along without going to the Doctor to-day.

September 18, 1863 - Friday
The 144th Went on Picket at dark to-night. Will return early
in the morning

September 19, 1863 - Saturday
To-night the Regt. goes on Picket again. We have had our
monthly Inspection this afternoon.

September 20, 1863 - Sunday
To-day I am on guard eight (8) on a Relief. 1st Relief. It is
warm to-day. Quite cold last night.

September 21, 1863 - Monday
Went to the Doctors this morning and was marked Quarters.
Did not give me anything to take.

September 22, 1863 - Tuesday
Went to the Doctors this morning, and was marked Quarters
gave me two powders. Regt. was out on Picket last night.

September 23, 1863 - Wednesday
Reported sick. Marked Quarters. The doctors are out of
medicine. So they cant give us any.

September 24, 1863 - Thursday
Reported this morning and was marked Quarters. No
medicine to-day. Diarhea

September 25, 1863 - Friday
Reported again and was marked quarters. No medicine yet.

September 26, 1863 - Saturday
Reported and was marked quarters. It is quite pleasant now a
days, but cold nights.

September 27, 1863 - Sunday
Reported and marked Quarters. There is no firing now days,
as I can hear of.


September 28, 1863 - Monday
Reported and marked Quarters. The Regt went on Picket this
morning for 3 days.

September 29, 1863 - Tuesday
Reported and was marked quarters. Went and got half a
bushel of Oysters.

September 30, 1863 - Wednesday
Reported and was marked Quarters. Had an Oyster Stew for
Breakfast.

October 1, 1863- Thursday
Reported and was marked Quarters. To-day it is quite hot.
Weekly inspection this afternoon.

October 2, 1863 - Friday
Feel better this morning so I won't report. Went on Battalion
Drill. rather tired.

October 3, 1863 - Saturday
Felt worse this morning went to the Doctors and was marked
Quarters.

October 4, 1863 - Sunday
Did not report sick to-day. I am going on Picket to-night.

October 5, 1863 - Monday
I am on Guard to-day. There is 8 men on a Relief. Corp. 1st
Relief, warm and pleasant to-day

October 6, 1863 - Tuesday
It is most awful hot to-day. I am going on Picket again
tonight

October 7, 1863 - Wednesday
We had Co. Drill and Battalion Drill. I am going on Picket
again to-night.

October 8, 1863 - Thursday
I have written 102 letters and have received 76 since one year
ago to-day. Picket to-night.

October 9, 1863 - Friday
To-day I am on Police. I have charge of 4 men. I don't go on
Picket again to-night.

October 10, 1863 - Saturday
Police awhile to-day. Picket to-night. Jas M. Way died 8th of
this month.

October 11, 1863 - Sunday
This is a pleasant day I have got to go on Picket again to-
night

October 12, 1863 - Monday
We have got to go on Picket to-day for 8 days Rained a little
to-night.

October 13, 1863 - Tuesday
It rained quite hard last night and to-day it is quite pleasant.

October 14, 1863 - Wednesday
Some of the companies have gone into camp to get paid.

October 15, 1863 - Thursday
We came into camp for Inspection and to get our pay 120.00
in greenbacks

October 16, 1863 - Friday
To-day I am on Guard There are 9 men on a
Relief . Pleasant

October 17, 1863 - Saturday
There is nothing going on but Picketing every night. It is
awful warm to-day.

October 18, 1863 - Sunday
Went out on Inspection and liked to faint away so awful hot
Examined by the Colonel.

October 19, 1863 - Monday
Had Monthly Inspection to-day at 2 o'clock. It is not so warm
to-day as it was yesterday.

October 20, 1863 - Tuesday
I am on Guard to-day. There is six men on a Relief.

October 21, 1863 - Wednesday
To-day it is warm as usual, and that is warm enough for
common folks.

October 22, 1863 - Thursday
To-day we had our Thursday Inspection as usual, on the
Beach.

October 23, 1863 - Friday
It looks some like rain. We have got to go on Picket as usual
again to-night.

October 24, 1863 - Saturday
To-day I am Policing the Co. Avenue Quite warm to-day.

October 25, 1863 - Sunday
To-day I am on Guard. There is 7 men on a Relief. Awful
cold to-day

October 26, 1863 - Monday
To-day it is most awful cold. I had the toothache most all day.

October 27, 1863 - Tuesday
To-day I am Corporal of the Police squad. Quite warm to-day.

October 28, 1863 - Wednesday
There is squad Drill this forenoon and Brigade Drill this
afternoon.

October 29, 1863 - Thursday
There is a considerable heavy firing upon Morris Island, to-
day.

October 30, 1863 - Friday
They keep up a heavy fire on Morris Island firing at Sumter.

October 31, 1863 - Saturday
To-day we mustered for pay. Had an Inspection as usual. I
am on guard.

November 1, 1863 - Sunday
We had Sunday morning inspection as usual to-day.

November 2, 1863 - Monday
To-day I am Corporal of the Police squad. Fetching Poles for
horse Stables.

November 3, 1863 - Tuesday
We have had no Drills to-day on account of fixing up for
Consolidation

November 4, 1863 - Wednesday
To-day we have had to Drill as usual. It is warm enough for
most anyone..

November 5, 1863 - Thursday
To-day I am on Corporal of the 3rd Relief. Three men had to
stand double tour.

November 6, 1863 - Friday
To-day there is nothing of importance going on, as I know of.

November 7, 1863 - Saturday
This morning I had to get out my Relief and work until 3
o'clock.

November 8, 1863 -Sunday
Nothing going on to-day of any Importance. Had preaching
this afternoon.

November 9, 1863 - Monday
It is a most awful cold day to-day. This weather makes us
want our little stoves.

November 10, 1863 - Tuesday
To-day I am on Guard. There is ( 6 ) men on a Relief. To-day
I am Twenty ( 20 ) years old.

November 11, 1863 - Wednesday
We have had Brigade Drill this afternoon. And it is quite cold

November 12, 1863 - Thursday
To-day we have had our Thursday Inspection and that is all
that we have done to-day.

November 13, 1863 - Friday
To-night we reported down to the South end of the Island at 9
o'clock. And at 12 crossed on to Kiowah Island.

November 14, 1863 - Saturday
We marched about 10 miles in Indian file. The worst job we
have ever done yet I believe.

November 15, 1863 - Sunday
This morning we forded a Creek and crossed on Sea Brook
Island and hunted Rebs.

November 16, 1863 - Monday
Last night we evacuated sea Brook Island and crossed on
Kiowah and then on Folly and came home.

November 17, 1863 - Tuesday
We have been Policeing our Drill Ground. Drilled in the
afternoon.

November 18, 1863 - Wednesday
This morning I went over on Cowles Island for seven ( 7 )
days Picket. Returned this evening.

November 19, 1863 - Thursday
We have had our Regular Inspection. It is quite pleasant this
afternoon.

November 20, 1863 - Friday
To-day we have had no drill, as we have been expecting the
Adjutant General of New York here to Inspect Quarters.

November 21, 1863 - Saturday
To-day we have been carrying logs for the cook's fire place.

November 22, 1863 - Sunday
I am on Guard to-day. There is six ( 6 ) men on a Relief. It
rains some this evening.

November 23, 1863 - Monday
It has been raining most all day to-day. We have done no
Drilling to-day.

November 24, 1863 - Tuesday
I was on Police this forenoon. And on battalion Drill this
afternoon. Awful warm to-day.

November 25, 1863 - Wednesday
Battalion Drill this forenoon, and no Drill this afternoon is
the order.

November 26, 1863 - Thursday
To-day we held Thanksgiving, had meeting this afternoon.

November 27, 1863 - Friday
We have done nothing but fix up Ccoking fires and Police
Avenue.

November 28, 1863 - Saturday
Orders are to have this Regt. go on 7 days fatigue Duty, to
Kiawah Island to-morrow.

November 29, 1863 - Sunday
The 144th and 210th Mass. came to Kiawah Island. Rains hard
to-day.

November 30, 1863 - Monday
The 144th are to work on the Fort. The 210th are to work in
the wood.

December 1, 1863 - Tuesday
We are to work in the same place we were yesterday.

December 2, 1863 - Wednesday
We are to work on the Fort yet I did not go out this after
noon. Feel sick.

December 3, 1863 - Thursday
To-day our Comp. Cut and carried logs for a bridge. Feel
pretty lazy

December 4, 1863 - Friday
To-day my squad cut sod and loaded the wagon. They are for
covering the Magazine.

December 5, 1863 - Saturday
To-day my squad dug Rifle Pits. I had clam soup for dinner
and roasted oysters for supper.

December 6, 1863 - Sunday
Had clam soup for Breakfast. Returned to Camp to-day.

December 7, 1863 - Monday
To-day we have done nothing of any consequence awful cold
to-day.

December 8, 1863 - Tuesday
We were paid our two months pay yesterday. Settled for
clothing. I rec'd $4.55 cts.

December 9, 1863 - Wednesday
We have had Brigade Drill. Col. Noble Drilled us.

December 10, 1863 - Thursday
To-day we had our regular Inspection. It is quite cool this
afternoon.

December 11, 1863 - Friday
It has rained most all day. No Drilling to-day. Some Hospital
Burners came to the camp to-day.

December 12, 1863 - Saturday
It has rained hard all day to-day. We came out to the White
House for 3 days. Picket yesterday.

December 13, 1863 - Sunday
It is quite warm and pleasant to-day. It has not rained any.

December 14, 1863 - Monday
It is quite cool this afternoon and evening. The boys Stole a
firkin of Butter to-night.

December 15, 1863 - Tuesday
We returned from Picket this fore-noon, time enough to go on
Inspection. Monthly Inspection.

December 16, 1863 - Wednesday
To-day we have moved and fixed up our tent in good Style.

December 17, 1863 - Thursday
Inspection at 10 A.M. rained some last night. Nothing going
on in Camp of account.

December 18, 1863 - Friday
Nothing to Say, only I am well as ever to-day.

December 19, 1863 - Saturday
We have no Drill this forenoon, I believe.

December 20, 1863 - Sunday
To-day I am on Guard, First Relief, 6 men on a Relief.

December 21, 1863 - Monday
Had Brigade Drill this afternoon. It is quite cold

December 22, 1863 - Tuesday
To-day I am on Police. We have dug two sinks and are done.

December 23, 1863 - Wednesday
To-day we have been bringing evergreens and fixing up for
Christmas.

December 24, 1863 - Thursday
To-day we have been fetching logs to build a fire place for the
cooks. Consolidation is played out.

December 25, 1863 - Friday
To-day we finished our fireplace. And in the evening we had
5 Gallons of beer and 1 gallon of ( ? ).

December 26, 1863 - Saturday
We have got as many logs for the Cook tent as we want. And
have commenced building.

December 27, 1863 - Sunday
We have had Inspection as usual to-day.

December 28, 1863 - Monday
I am Corp. of the First Relief. 6 men on a Relief.

December 29, 1863 - Tuesday
Had Battalion Drill. The storys are now every day that we are
going to leave.

December 30, 1863 - Wednesday
We have had Brigade Drill this afternoon, and Battalion
Drill also.

December 31, 1863 - Thursday
We have had Inspection and mustered for pay. It rained hard
last night, pleasant to-day..

Jan. 1st, '64
Had a good time to night with John Mein, Tom Telford, Jim.
Dezell, Geo Shew, Levi Georgia, Sam Noble, Chas Andrews
and myself F. J. Crawford.

Jan. 1st, '64
For the 1st and 2nd of January 1864 is in my old Memorial of
1863.

Jan. 3rd , '64
I was ordered to get ready for three (3) day Picket. Was ready
and went to the Stono Landing: took the Ferry boat and
crossed over to Kiawah Island.

Jan. 4th, '64
We are detailed for seven (7) day Fatigue instead of three (3)
days, Picket. I am in command of a squad to work at putting
in Palisades, on the beach.

Jan. 5th, '64
I am to work at the same barriers again to-day. All that we
put in yesterday had been washed out.

Jan. 6th , '64
All that we put in yesterday has washed out again. So we are
ordered to put them in again and so we are going to do it.

Jan. 7th , '64
It has been raining pretty hard all day and so we do not have
to go out.

Jan. 8th , '64
We had to go and work on the Fort this forenoon. This after
noon we had to go up and put in the palisades again, as those
all washed out.

Jan. 9th , '64
That we put in yesterday we put up nearer the shore and it has
not washed out.

Jan. 10th , '64
This fore noon we packed up and started for home at 11
o'clock. Crossed the Stono Inlet at 2 o'clock: and arrived at
Camp at 4 o'clock.

Jan. 11, '64
I got up at Revilie this morning all right. I worked at cleaning
my gun all the fore noon and have got it so it looks pretty
good.

Jan. 12th , '64
We had squad drill this fore noon, and Regimental Inspection
this afternoon by an Officer of the Regular Army. He done it
up quick.

Jan. 13th , '64
It has rained some all day to-day. We have had no drill to-
day. I made myself a gun cover of a piece of Ruber Blanket
that Betsy gave to me.

Jan. 14th , '64
We have had our regular Thursday Inspection to-day.
Inspected by the Colonel. It is quite rainy to-day.

Jan. 15th , '64
I am in Camp Guard, I am Corpl. of the 1st Relief. There are
five ( 5 ) men on a Relief. The 25th Ohio Veterans have
started for home to-day.

Jan. 16th , '64
The 40th Mass started for Hilton Head to-day. They are to be
mounted. They have been in our Brigade for a long time.

Jan. 17th , '64
We had our regular Sunday morning Inspection this fore
noon. We had a sermon this afternoon, It is warm and
pleasant.

Jan. 18th , '64
It has rained all day to-day. The boys all stay at home to-day,
as it is rainy.

Jan. 19th , '64
We have done nothing in Camp to-day only run around in
one and anothers tent. It rained a little to-day.

Jan. 20th , '64
I am on guard at Brigade Headquarters to-day. Gen. Ames.
There are four (4) men on a Relief.

Jan. 21st , '64
We had our regular Thursday Inspection to-day. We were
inspected by the Lieut. Colonel of the 75th Ohio Volunteers.

Jan. 22nd , '64
Co. D are excused from drill this fore noon, to work in the
Avenue, by order of James Lewis, Lieut. Colonel
commanding the regt.

Jan. 23rd , '64
Company drill this fore noon, and no drill all this afternoon.
Fetched wood for the cooks

Jan. 24th , '64
I am detailed for Police Corporal this week. I have to keep the
Avenue clean this week. I am not subject to any detail this
week.

Jan. 25th , '64
Corpl. Bradley and myself went up to the Pannre Landing to-
day to see Co. J 89th N.Y.V.

Jan. 26th , '64
The story is that we are going to leave as soon as we get our
pay And it looks reasonable enough too. My express box has
not come yet..

Jan. 27th, '64
We have had our Co. Drill: and our Battalion drill to-day.
The sun shines most awful warm.

Jan. 28th, '64
Did not drill this fore noon as the Company has been fetching
wood for to cook with.

Jan. 29th, '64
We had squad drill this fore noon and Battalion drill this
afternoon.

Jan. 30th, '64
Company drill this forenoon and no drill this afternoon. I had
got the sick Headache.

Jan. 31st, '64
I had the sick Headache all day. I did not sleep much last
night, and I don't think I will sleep much to-night.

Feb. 1st, '64
I have got to go to the White house to-night as reserve picket.
To return at 5 o'clock in the morning.

Feb. 2nd, '64
I have been on squad drill this afternoon, and squad drill this
forenoon. I have got most awful sore legs.

Feb. 3rd, '64
We reced our (2) two months pay this afternoon after supper.
We did not have any drill this afternoon.

Feb. 4th, '64
My legs are all broken out. I reported to the Doctors and was
marked light Duty. We had a review of all the troops on Folly
Island to-day.

Feb. 5th, '64
Everything is all quiet to-day in and around Camp.

Feb. 6th, '64
I did not go to the Doctors this morning although my legs are
pretty sore.

Feb. 7th, '64
The Regt. has gone on a six (6) day reconassance. They left
Camp at eight o'clock this evening. I was on guard to-day but
was relieved, and went to the Doctors and he excused me
from going on the raid.

Feb. 8th, '64
The Regiment being gone, everything is very quiet in Camp
to-day. Rumors are coming in that the regt has been in a
fight.

Feb. 9th, '64
The Story is that the Regt. has been fighting, and some are
killed and wounded.

Feb. 10th, '64
I am detailed on Guard to-day. There is a rumor that our
Regt. has been in three (3) charges.

Feb. 11th, '64
I am on Camp Guard to-day. There is three (5) men on a
relief. I am acting Sergeant of the Guard.

Feb. 12th, '64
Our Regt. has returned to camp, and none of them are hurt.
But they had some skirmishing.

Feb. 13th, '64
I went to the Doctors this morning, and was marked Quarters,
as I had pretty sore legs.

Feb. 14th, '64
Excused from duty again to-day. It is very warm and pleasant,
and the boys feel first rate.

Feb. 15th, '64
I am excused from all duty this day.Drill this forenoon and
Sergeants Inspection this afternoon.

Feb. 16th, '64
I went to the Doctors again this morning and was excused
from Duty. It is cold enough so we have to have a fire in the
tent.

Feb. 17th, '64
It is most awful cold to-day. I am excused from Duty to-day
on account of my legs.

Feb. 18th, '64
I went to the Doctor this morning and was excused from
Duty. While the Boys were out to Dress Parade, it snowed
quite hard.

Feb. 19th, 64
Excused from duty to-day. It is most awful cold to-day. I
played Checkers with Shew most all day.

Feb.20th, '64
Excused from duty again to-day. It is warmer to-day than it
was yesterday. Some Boomers came to the Regt. to-day.

Feb. 21st, '64
I am off Duty yet to-day. It is warmer and pleasant and
everything goes off nice.

Feb. 22nd, '64
We have had a shooting match, and a foot race, and jumping
in the bag. The Regt. has orders to report to the Pawnee
Landing at 6 1/2 o'clock in the morning to go to Jacksonville,
Florida. I went to the Doctor this morning and was excused
from duty.

Steamer Delaware

Feb. 23rd, '64
I am left behind to take care of the company thing.and pack
them up and see to getting them to them. I am on Camp
Guard to-day.

Feb. 24th, '64
My legs are getting better quite fast. . My legs are most well.
Everything goes off nice, except the Dutch Sergeant. He and
myself have a twist once in awhile.

Jacksonville, Fl

Feb. 25th, '64
I have been up to the Pawnee Landing to-day to see Co. J 89th
NYV. The boys are all well as usual.

Feb. 26th, '64
I am on guard to-day. I have to post all three (3) reliefs and
stay up all night, Wind blows quite hard

Feb. 27th, '64
I have written since I came out (30) home, re'ced (15), Mary (21), re'ced (20), Helen
( 15), re'ced (14); Charles (8) re'ced (9): Walter (1): Lars (1) re'ced (1); Theo (12),
re'ced (10): Leon (8), re'ced (6): Miscellaneous ( 27), re'ced (17) Total
written (121), total Re'ced (92)

Feb. 28th, '64
To-day is Sunday and it is just like any other day. I long
sometime to see Sunday as I used to at home. But I do not
suppose I shall have an opportunity very soon.

Feb. 29th, '64
To-day our cooking place came very near falling down on us
so we pulled it down so we would not get hurt.

March 1st, '64
Everything is going on harmoniously in all of the camps of
the 2nd Brigade. We hear that our Regt. is laying a little ways
out of Jacksonville, Florida.

March 2nd, '64
I am on guard to-day. I have to be up 24 hours, and change
the reliefs every two (2) hours. There is three men on a relief.

March 3rd, '64
There is nothing said about our joining the Regt. Yet I have
been learning to play Backgammon to-day with Henry
Persons.

March 4th, '64
I am at a loss for something to say to-day. The wind blows
and the sand flies like fun this afternoon.

March 5th, '64
Ed Coon came down and staid with me all night. We played
euchre all the evening. I played a few games of Backgammon.

March 6th, '64
To-day is Sunday again. I thought I had been lonesome
Sundays but this is the lonsomest of all.

March 7th, '64
I am on guard again to-day two (2)men on a relief one man
stands the day time and two (2) in the night..

March 8, 1864 - Tuesday
We do not hear anymore from the Regiment. We have not
had any mail since the Regt. left. Came off Guard this
morning.

March 9, 1864 - Wednesday
I have been up to see the Co. J boys of the 89th NYV. It is
getting most awful lonesome.

March 10, 1864 - Thursday
I am on Guard again to-day. It rained most awful hard last
night and it has rained some to-day.

March 11, 1864 - Friday
An order came to the Regt. to-night for all those that wanted
to join the Regt. It rained some to-day.

March 12, 1864 - Saturday
I have packed up four (4) boxes for the boys and took all the
shelters off of the Cook house, and A tents.

March 13, 1864 - Sunday
We are getting ready to leave here. I don't think the Regt.
will ever be back here to encamp. It is warm and pleasant.

March 14, 1864 - Mondauy
The orders says we must be ready to leave to-morrow
morning. The regt. is at Jacksonville, Florida.

March 15, 1864 - Tuesday
This morning we rode down to the point and helped load the
Steamer, we did not get loaded until night. Then we went out
in the Stono and anchored until eleven o'clock.

March 16, 1864 - Wednesday
We started out last night at eleven o'clock. I was most awful
sea sick. Arrived at Fernandina at three o'clock this after
noon. Wind blowed most awful hard last night.

March 17, 1864 - Thursday
We left Fermandina this morning at seven (7) o'clock and
arrived at Jacksonville at six (6) o'clock this afternoon.

March 18, 1864 - Friday
I took my gun of Theaphileo and went on Dress Parade. I
have took up my Quarters with Corp. Shew. It is quite chilly
to-day

March 19th, '64
I went to the Doctors this morning and was marked quarters.
I have an awful big swelling under my knee.

March 20th, '64
I took up the sick this morning and four (4) of us were
marked quarters. Sergt Bennett and Private Colgrove gun
went up to the Colonel to-day for being the cleanest guns in
the company.

March 21st, '64
To-day it has rained all day long. It thundered and leightened
most awful hard. I don't recollect as I ever heard it thunder so
loud or lightning so sharp

March 22nd, '64
I went to the doctor this morning and was marked quarters. It
was quite cool last night. My leg is getting better more every
day.

March 23rd, '64
I went up to the Doctors this morning and was told not to
walk around much. Gave me some medicine to take two (2)
spoon full a day.

March 24th, '64
I went up to the Doctors and was marked Quarters five (5)
reported this morning and 4 were marked quarters.

March 25th, '64
I went to the Doctor and was marked Quarters. The Regt.
went on a raid down the river about eight (8) miles but did
not see anything, so they came back.

March 26th, '64
I am on Duty now and hope I shall not be sick or lame again
in a good while. It is warm and pleasant to-day. We are
building a cook house.

March 27th, '64
Eighteen (18) months ago to-day we were mustered in the
service of the United States for three (3) years unless sooner
discharged and I think we stand a good chance to stay our
three (3) years.

March 28th, '64
Corpl G W Shew and myself got a pay and went pretty much
all over town. I seen Major General QA Gillmore and Leady
to-day. They came in on the steamer from Hilton Head.

March 29th, '64
I am Corporal of the 3rd Relief: of Camp Guard. There is six
(6) men on a relief. The wind blows and sand flies pretty hard
to-day.

March 30th, '64
It is warm and rainy to-day. I have re'ced six (6) letters in the
month of March and written eight (8) letters this month.

March 31st, '64
I went to bed this forenoon and slept the most of the time.
This afternoon I helped clean up around the cook house

April 1st, '64
To-day I have been helping put up a couple of clothes lines in
rear of our line of tents. We went in the woods and cut grape
vines for rope.

April 2nd, '64
To-day I am on Fatigue over in the village. We are building a
signal tower. It is to be 100 feet high.

April 3rd, '64
To-day is Sunday and the most of the boys have gone up to
the village to meeting, It is getting to be warm weather down
here now.

April 4th, '64
The boys are all remodeling their tents to-day. We are going
to fix our tent to-morrow. All of our Camp equipment came
from Folly Island to-day.

April 5th, '64
Corpl. G. W. Shew and myself tent to-gether and we have
been fixing up our tent to-day and it is about as good as any
tent on the job.

April 6th, '64
The boys are cleaning up to-day for Inspection to-morrow.
Nothing of any importance is going on to-day.

April 7th, '64
We had our regular Thursday Inspection to-day. We were
inspected by Capt. Of the 157th N.J. Vol.

April 8th, '64
The boys are all doing nothing to-day. It is warm and
pleasant.

April 9th, '64
James Cobine and myself went a fishing and did not catch a
fish. It rained all last night and all day to-day.

April 10th, '64
It is Sunday and I am most awful sleepy. I wrote to ( A. ) to-
day. It is getting warm here in the Sunny South.

April 11th, '64
I am on Guard at Brigade Headquarters. There are four (4)
men on a relief. Col. Noble of the 17th Conn. Volunteers is
commanding the Brigade.

April 12th, '64
We had Company Drill this fore noon and Battalion drill this
afternoon. It is most awful hot to-day.

April 13th, '64
I am on Camp Guard to-day. There is six (6) men on relief.
No six (6) is supernumerary, No three (3) stands before
Colonel. Does not have to stand nights.

April 14th, '64
I have been to work on my gun most all day. There was to be
a grand review to-day but our regt. is on detail so we will not
have any.

April 15th, '64
It has rained most all day long and pretty hard too I have
nothing to do to-day.

April 16th, '64
To-day I have been on Fatigue all day, And at twelve (12) to-
night I have got to go on three (3) days picket. I don't like
that much, but then I will have to lump it.

April 17, '64
There are nine (9) men on a relief. This is not a very
dangerous Picket post. And it is run pretty loose I should
think.

April 18th, '64
I am on Picket yet to-day Sgt. Bennet and Private Milton
Merwin were put in under arrest to-day.

April 19th, '64
One man of Co. G. was sent in under arrest to-day, for
leaving his beat: a member of Co. K. came very near
drowning one of Co. H. pulled him out.

April 20th '64
I am fixing up my tent to-day I tent with L. M. Georgia of
Croton. Its warm and pleasant to-day.

April 21st '64
I am our Camp guard to-day. There are two (2) men on a
relief, I came off of Picket yesterday.

April 22nd '64
I came off of guard this morning I have been fixing up our
tent this forenoon and wrote a letter to Leon this afternoon.

April 23rd '64
I am on Camp Guard again to-day. There are two (2) men on
a relief in the day time and one (1) man in evening. It rained
most all day.

April 24th '64
I am detailed for "Police Corporal" this week. So I am not
subject to any detail this week.

April 25th '64
We signed our Pay Rolls this afternoon and re'ced twenty six
(26) dollars, two (2) months pay.

April 26th '64
I have been playing Backgammon with Orderly Gibbons this
evening. I was too much for him.

April 27th '64
I have been writing a letter to Mary this afternoon. I bought
me a Portfolio and paid one (1) dollar for it.

April 28th '64
I have worked harder to-day than I ever have a day before.
We have been moving camp and as my tent mate is not here I
have had to do it all

April 29 '64
I went down to the Peninsula Office to-day. And set a
thousand Type for Sergt. Ira G. Sprague I am going to try and
get detailed to work here.

April 30 '64
We were mustered for two (2) months pay. We were inspected
by Capt. William Plaskett of Co. F. 144th N. Y. V. It is most
awful warm.

May 1st '64
I am going on Picket this afternoon at four (4) PM with six
(6) men and a Sergeant. We are on the right of the River.

May 2nd '64
We were relieved by the right wing at four (4) o'clock this
PM. It has rained most all this afternoon.

May 3rd '64
I am not on any duty to-day. It is just a year ago to-day since
we croped the Namsimonel River, at Suffolk, VA., and drove
old Longstreet off.

May 4th '64
I am detailed to go to town for provost at 7 1/2 o'clock A.M.
We are having pretty tall times to-day and night.

May 5th '64
We were relieved this morning at 8 1/2 o'clock by the 107th
Ohio Volunteers. The sand flies most awful hard to-day.

May 6th '64
I am detailed to go on Picket with six (6) men at 4 o'clock
this P.M.. We are next to the river.

May 7th '64
We were not relieved this afternoon because there are no
men in camp to relieve us. Lieut. Frank Hine is with us.

May 8th, '64
We were relieved this morning at 9 o'clock. The Pickets are
to be relieved every morning here after at 8 o'clock.

May 9th, '64
I am not on any detail to-day. We have been playing Euchre
all day to-day. My side came out ahead.

May 10th, '64
I am on Camp guard to0day. Corp. Dezell is on Provost, and
Corp. Bradley is on Pickett. Sergt Jackson is on Provost also.

May 11th, '64
I was detailed to go on the scout before I was relieved from
Camp Guard But I would not go. And they could not make
me go.

May 12th, '64
I am detailed to go on Picket this morning at 8 1/2 o'clock one
(1) days rations in Haversack. It rained quite hard last night.

May 13th '64
I came off Picket this morning so I have nothing to do until
Dress Parade. The Battery next to our Camp has been
shelling the woods

May 14th '64
I wrote a letter to ( C.B. ) this afternoon. We have not had
any mail in over three (3) weeks. Strange to say I am not on
any detail to-day.

May 15th '64
I am detailed to go out with the Scouting party this morning.
I re'ced three (3) letters to-day. One from Theo. Mary and
Helen. One from Leon.

May 16th '64
It rained most awful hard this afternoon. I have written three
(3) letters to-day. One to Mary, one to Helen and one to Leon.

May 17th '64
I am detailed for Picket this morning. I am on the 1st relief,
2nd squad at Headquarters next to the river.

May 18th '64
It rained most awful hard all day. And it hailed all as big as
peas, I returned to Camp this morning.

May 19th '64
I am on Camp Guard to-day. There is two (2) men on a relief,
Take off No 2 at 6 o'clock and he stands one trip for No 1. so
they only come on three (3) lines in twenty four (24) hours.

May 20th '64
I am on Camp Guard to-day instead of yesterday. yesterday I
was not on any duty. I had lost track of time.

May 21st, '64
To-day I have been to work all day tearing down our shelter
and putting up an A, There is (3) of us in it.

May 22nd, '64
The regt. has orders to go up the river on transports with (5)
days rations this morning

May 22nd, '64
at 1 1/2 o'clock

May 23rd, '64
The regt. has gone and it is real lonesome. The Picket and
Camp guard have to stay on until they return.

May 24th, '64
This morning I commenced work in the Peninsula office this
morning. I am detailed to work for the government.

May 25th, '64
I done a little job for the Provost Marshall this forenoon and
this afternoon I hired out to work for the paper. I get paid for
work on the paper.

May 26th, '64
I worked off all the papers to-day I have earned five (5)
dollars this week. I do not have to work very hard.

May 27th, '64
It is most awful warm to-day. Some think it is the warmest
day but one we have had since we have been here.

May 28th, '64
I have only done two (2) little jobs this week. The regt. came
back to-night and they went to Picolata and Pilecther and
then marched to St. Augustine, and came home on a
steamer.

May 29th, '64
Sunday to-day yesterday I bought me a Bag and paid $1.50
for it. I bought me a pocket looking glass and paid 45 cents
for it. Bought a towel and paid 35 cents for it.

May 30th, '64
It is not so warm to-day as usual. The mail came to-day. I
re'ced a letter from Mother and one from Mary.

May 31st, '64
I have been setting type most all day for the paper. There has
been quite a force of ours out to the front to-day.

June 1st, '64
I have been to work on the paper most all day. Our forces
went beyond Camp Finnegan.

June 2nd, '64
The forces have all returned at 5 P.M. the rebs followed them
all the way back to the woods just outside of the
entrenchments.

June 3rd, '64
If I am not mistaken it is just three (3) years ago to-day Capt
Johnson Company left the village of delhi.

June 4th '64
We got out the paper to-day. I received eight (8) dollars for
my work on the Peninsula this week. I bought me a gold pen
and silver holder and paid four (4) dollars for it.

June 5th '64
To-day I have had to print some orders for Gen. Gordon and
Gen. Bienny. Gen. Gordon is relieved of his command to-day.

June 6th '64
I bought me a pair of suspenders and paid 75 cents for them.
I have been to work on same job from headquarters, The work
just begins to come in.

June 7th '64
I have been to work all day for the Government. I took a long
walk over town this evening and seen some of the girls.

June 8th '64
The Regt. went out on a (?) this morning. They went up the
river hunting for torpedos in small row boats.

June 9th '64
The regt. came back this morning about 3 o'clock Our
regiment. And the 157th are ordered to report at Hilton Head
as soon as possible.

June 10th '64
I have been to work on the Peninsula all day to-day, and
yesterday I re'ced five (5) dollars for my work on the
Peninsula this week.

Steamer Mary Benton

June 11th '64
We went aboard the Mary Benton at 8 o'clock
this morning, and was soon on our way down the river and
leaving Jacksonville in the rear.

Hiltion Head, SC

June 12th '64
We arrived at Hilton Head about 4 o'clock this morning.
It rained most awful hard this
afternoon, before we got our tents up.

June 13th, '64
We signed the Pay rolls this forenoon and at dark we were
paid twenty six (26) dollars two (2) months pay.

June 14th '64 Wednesday
I wrote a letter to Mother, and sent her five (5) dollars. I must
send ten (10) dollars to Mary this time.

June 15th '64
Our Regt is all split up, some are on Picket 15 miles from
here. Some are in fort, some in Breast works and some on
provost.

June 16th '64
To-day what is left of Co. D., are ordered to report to Capt.
so no one are down here in the Barracks.

June 17th '64 Friday
Corporal Dezell, Barnes, Bradley, Ingraham and myself are
here doing guard Duty. Will and myself drawed us a good
bunk

June 18th '64
We are living in a wall tent and every thing is nice. we are
having good times here. We do our own cooking.

June 19th '64
A deserter of the 41st NY Volu., was shot at 10 o'clock this
forenoon. We were relieved this afternoon at six o'clock.

June 20th '64
We are now in Camp again to-day there is only 7 Companies
here at Regimental Headquarters. These are Cos. A. C. D. F.
H. J. K.

June 21st '64
We had our regular Monthly Inspection this morning at 9
o'clock. I have got to go on Picket as soon as Inspection is
over.

June 22nd, '64
This is garrison duty we are doing. We have to keep every
body from going near the Magazines.

June 23rd, '64
I have worked on my gun most all day to-day and it looks
quite natural. We were relieved this morning.

June 24th, '64
We had a Bag Insprction this afternoon at 3 o'clock. I went to
the Theatre this evening. It was given by members of the
104th Penn. Volu..

June 25th '64
Members of Co. D present

Capt. E. A. Griffith
Lieut. N. H. Hebbard

Sergeants
E. Gibbons
M.L.S. Jackson
W. H. Fish
C. A. Benneett
G. E. Pierson

Corporals
G. W. Shew
J. Dezell
F. J. Crawford
W. Z. Bradley
N. E. Barnes
A. Woolcott
P. H. Ingraham

Privates
C. H. Andrews
W. Anderson
E. Betts
J. C. Bartlett
L. Busiene
B. Brown
H. Boyd
J. H. Cobine
G. W. Colgrove
C. A. Drake
G. A. Drake
S. Freer
A. Foot
L. M. Georgia
N. Groat
H. M. Knapp
Lewis Knapp
H. Leamont
M. W. Merwin
F. Murray
B. Oles
M. Oles
M. Palmer
H. Persons
T. Redfield
W. H. Smith
E.J. Sherman
C. Taylor
D. Tiffany
W. H. Tuttle
J. White
W. H. Northrop
J. Haight

June 25th, '64
I am on Fatigue to-day until half past 2 o'clock, and then I
have got to quit and go on Inspection.

June 26th, '64
Inspection this afternoon at 6 o'clock P.M. I am on Picket to-
day. The wind blows cool.

June 27th, '64
I went down to town to-day and seen something nice. There is
to be Dress Parade at 6 o'clock P.M. until further orders.

June 28th, '64
I am on Picket this morning. There are three (3) Corporals on
guard from Co. D. I am on picket.

June 29,th '64
I came off of picket this morning and I have cleaned my gun
Some. I guess it will pass.

June 30th, '64
We were mustered for two (2) months pay. Inspected by Col.
Slidell. Inspection of quarters also.

On Steamer Mayflower

July 1st, '64
All went aboard the May Flower at 5 o'clock this afternoon we went up to Sea
Brook Island.

John's Island, SC

July 2nd, '64
We landed on Sea Brook this morning and marched down and roped over on to Johns
Island. I skirmished and fired three (3) times.

July 3rd, '64
We were called up at 3 o'clock this morning, eat breakfast. I
got some ten (10) cents postage stamps to-day. They are rebs.

July 4th, '64
Were called up this morning at 3 o'clock and eat breakfast
and filled our canteens. Marched six (6) miles to-day. There
was a good many Sun Stroke to-day.

July 5th, '64
We only marched about three (3) miles to-day. The rebs.
throwed shell in our Camp last night, and some came very
near hitting us.

July 6th, '64
Col. Davies of the 104th Pennsylvania had three (3) fingers
shot off of his right hand, four (4) or five (5) of our regt.
were wounded to-day.

July 7th, '64
The 26th U.S.C. Troops charged on a rebel Battery but on
account of the Colonel getting scart and fainted away they did
not tale it.

July 8th, '64
The 144th went up to the front and cut and slashed so the gun
boats could shell the rebs, A shell poured in between two
stacks of our guns, and came very near hitting us.

July 9th, '64
The rebs attacked us this morning at half past four. We all
were asleep and did not know of the presence of the Rebs
until they charged and fired. Then we ducked and just got to
the rifle pits before the Johnny's did, and so we layed a few
low.they were a flanking us on account of the 104th
Pennsylvania running so we had to fall back in the next row
of rifle pits. We lost 8 killed and 9 wounded. The rebs
charged on two of our guns three times, They estimate the
rebs loss at 500 to 700.

Hilton Head, SC

July 10th, '64
We got on board the Steamer Cosmopolitan at 11 o'clock
and arrived at Hilton Head at 4 o'clock this afternoon.

July 11th, '64
We have not had anything to do to-day. It is most awful
warm. I had an awful dirty gun, but I have cleaned it up to-
day.

July 12th, '64
I am on Fortification Guard I am Corporal of the 2nd relief. It
is most awful warm to-day.

July 13th, '64
I am on no Duty to-day. I have cleaned up my gun. and it will
need another cleaning.

July 14th, '64
We had our regular Thursday Inspection this afternoon at half
past five. It was not very long.

July 15th, '64
Nothing going worthy of note to-day. It is warm as ever to-
day.

July 16th, '64
I am on Picket. I am on the 2nd fort from the beach. Our regt.
had their regular monthly inspection this afternoon.

July 17th, '64
We received 2 months pay. I re'ced thirty- six $36.00 dollars.
That is far better than twenty-six $26.00

July 18th, '64
Nothing of importance has transpired to-day. The boys are all
getting rid of their money as fast as possible.

July 19th, '64
I have done nothing to-day. Oh !! yes our Co. was inspected
to-day by the Colonel. also our quarters.

July 20th, '64
Everything is quiet in camp to-day.I am Police Corporal and
am not subject to any detail this week

July 21st, '64
I have been at work most all day and my gun and I Have got
it so it Shine and looks good other way.

July 22nd, '64
Played cards most all day to -day we have had nothing to do.
It is most awful windy.

July 23rd, '64
Cleaned up my gun to-day and had to go and tale it to the
Colonel for its being clean and me being good looking.

July 24th, '64
It is Sunday to-day and it rained all the forenoon and part of
the afternoon. I went up to the Colonel to-day.

July 25th, '64
I have been to town to-day and am going to have a dozen
Photographs taken $5.00 per dozen.

July 26th, '64
There is Comp. Drill this forenoon. Comp. Drill and
Battalion Drill this afternoon.

July 27th, '64
To-day I am Corp. of the 2nd Relief in Camp. There is five (5)
men on a relief, three (3) stand at night.

July 28th, '64
Played Euchre some to-day. Nothing going on of any account.
It is pretty warm.

July 29th, '64
To-day our Co. had their Company Inspection. The Colonel
was well pleased with us. It rained some to-day.

July 30th, '64
The mail came to-day and fetched me a letter from home and
one from Theo. He has served over three years and is
mustered out.

July 31st, '64
Company Inspection at 10 A.M. by Capt. E. A. Griffith. To-
day is Sunday.

August 1st, '64
I am on Picket to-day. And it is most awful warm. The
mosquitos bite like the old Harry
or worse. to-night.

August 2nd, '64
Co. D. drilled on the big (?) this afternoon. We are to be
Heavy Artillery.

August 3rd, '64
Company detail this forenoon. Battalion Drill at 6 A.M. this
morning. It is most awful warm.

August 4th, '64
I am on Camp guard. Corpl. of the 2nd relief. There are five
men on a relief. No 5 is supernumerary.

August 5th, '64
Company Drill at 7 A.M. Company Drill at 2 PM. Battalion
Drill at half past five PM Pretty warm to drill.

August 6th, '64
Nothing going on in Camp. One year ago this morning we lay
on the streets of Alexandria, VA.

August 7th, '64
Sunday to-day. It rains most awful hard about all day. Sunday
morning Inspection.

August 8th, '64
I am on Entrenchment Guard to-day. I am at Sally Port No. 2.
on the bridge with (3) men.

August 9th, '64
I have partly cleaned up my gun to-day. But it rained so hard
I did not finish it..

August 10th, '64
I am on Entrenchment Guard to-day. I am Corp. of the first
relief. Seven men on a relief.

August 11th, '64
The whole regt. or what is here have commenced to build
Barracks. It is warm as usual.

August 12th , '64
I have been to work on the Fort to-day. All enlisted men, Non
Coms and all them that are not on guard.

August 13th, '64
All enlisted men not on any other duty are for fatigue on the
Fort

August 14th, '64
I am on Camp Guard. There is six men on a relief. Warm as
usual to-day.

August 15th, '64
Every man for duty not on detail is for fatigue at 8 o'clock. I
have cleaned up my gun to-day.

August 16th, '64
I am on Camp Guard. There are six men on a relief. They
have built the best Guard House we have ever had, to-day.

August 17th, '64
We have had our regular monthly Inspection this afternoon at
5 o'clock. Inspected by the Inspector Gen.

August 18th, '64
I am on Camp Guard again Corp. 3rd relief Six men on a
relief. It is not awful warm to-day.

August 19th, '64
Nothing going on to-day. Col Slidell has gone to Washington
to get us transferred in H. Art.

August 20th, '64
I am on Camp Guard again to-day. It takes all the Corporals
in the regt. every other day now. It takes eleven corporals
now every day.

August 21st, '64
To-day is Sunday. We had Dress Parade to-night for the first
time in a good while.

August 22nd, '64
I have been on Fatigue to-day. They have got a hundred
citizens to work to-day.

August 23rd, '64
I am on Picket at Sally Port No. 15. 2 Corporals and 8 men at
this port, It has been raining some to-day.

August 24th, '64
I have cleaned up my gun and wrote to Helen and Leon. The
boys draw their regular rations now when they go out on
Fatigue.

August 25th. '64
I have been on Fatigue all day to-day. It is most awful warm.

August 26th, '64
I am on Fatigue all day to-day. There is 4 set of Guards to go
out of our Regiment to-day.

August 27th, '64
I am on Camp guard to-day Corpl. 2nd relief. It rained quite
hard this afternoon.

August 28th, '64
Sunday morning Inspection at 10 o'clock A.M. Pretty warm
this forenoon. Thermometer stands at 102.

August 29th, '64
I am on picket at Mosquito hollow. It is most awful warm to-
day.

August 30th, '64
Nothing going on to-day. The mail came this afternoon.
re'ced a letter from Charles.

August 31st, '64
To-day we had Inspection and muster. Inspected by Capts.
Clark and Plaskett.

Sept. 1st, '64
I am on dock Guard at 7 o'clock Corp, 1st relief. I was aboard
the arago this afternoon.

Sept. 2nd, '64
I came off Guard this morning and consequently have
nothing to do.

Sept. 3rd '64
I have cleanred up my gun this morning. So to be ready for
Inspection to-morrow.

Sept. 4th '64
We had our regular Sunday morning Inspection at 7 o'clock
by Capt. Griffith

Sept. 5th '64
I am on Fatigue all day. The boys drawed their regular rations
twice.

Sept. 6th '64
I am on Dock Guard this morning at 7 o'clock. Nothing
unusual going on.

Sept. 7th '64
To-day is the warmest day we have had since I can remember.

Sept. 8th '64
I am on Camp Guard to-day. Corpl. 3rd relief. We take off
our Cartridge boxes.

Sept. 9th '64
Cleaned up my gun this forenoon, So it looks quite as well as
ever.

Sept 10th '64
I am on Picket this morning, at the beach

Sept. 11th '64
To-day is Sunday and they had Sunday morning Inspection by
Eli Gibbons. I was on Picket to-day instead of yesterday.

Sept. 12th '64
My Gun was most awful dirty this morning, But I have
cleaned it up now.

Sept. 13th, '64
Nothing going on in Camp. I am on Fatigue to-day. I went
and drawed the whiskey.

Sept. 14th, '64
I reported sick this morning. Went to the Doctor and was
excused from duty to-day.

Sept. 15th, '64
I have done nothing at all to-day. Nothing going on worthy
of notice.

Sept. 16th, '64
I am on Camp Guard to-day Corp.3rd relief. A salute of 100
guns was fired at 12 noon I do not know what (?)

Sept. 17th, '64
I have nothing to do but play Backgammon to-day. It is quite
warm.

Sept. 18th, '64
I am on Picket in the Fort. It rained and blowed our tent
down.

Sept. 19th, '64
I have cleaned up my gun a little. I will not keep it looking so
great because they dont do as they agreed to.

Sept. 20th, '64
I am on entrenchment Guard at Mosquito hollow.

Sept. 21st, '64
It has rained some to-day and last night. Nothing unusual
going on.

Sept. 22nd, '64
Nothing unusual going on here in Camp or at the Head.

Sept. 23rd, '64
I am on Entrenchment Guard. Corporal at headquarters.
There is only two here at Headquarters.

Sept 24th, '64
I have nothing to do this afternoon, only play Euchre. Same
old (?)

Sept. 25th, '64
I have seen quite number of recruits to-day that I never
expected to see in this regiment.

Sept. 26th, '64
I am Corp. of the 2nd relief of Camp Guard quite warm to-
day.

Sept 27th '64
I am most awful Sleepy. I will lay down and go to sleep after
dinner.

Sept. 28th '64
I am Corp.of the 2nd relief of Camp Guard. The Flies bite like
the old harry last night.

Sept. 29th '64
It is two (2) years to-day since the 144th NYS Vols. was
mustered in the service of the U.S.

Sept. 30th '64
Nothing going on to-day. It has rained very little while to-
day.

Oct. 1st '64
I am on Entrenchment Guard at Mosquito hollow. The Arazo
came in to-night.

Oct. 2nd '64
I am detailed to go to Bhantor Harbor at 4 o'clock P.M.

Oct. 3rd '64
Arrived at the harbor at 10 o'clock A.M. and exchanged 3
prisoners and some goods for Prisoners.

Oct 4.th '64
Returned from the trip this forenoon at 9 A.M. pretty sick all
the time.

Oct 5th '64
I went to the Doctors this morning and was excused from
duty.

Oct. 6th '64
I went to the Doctors and was marked Quarters. I feel sick all
over

Oct. 7th '64
I did not go to the Doctors to-day. There is nothing going on
to-day.

Oct. 8th '64
It is first time (2) years to-day since the 144th N.Y. Vols.left
their homes and firesides to battle for their country. All or
most all of us expected tobe at home in a year or two (2) at
least.

Oct. 9th '64
I was on guard "Camp" yesterday and it was the coldest night
we have had since we have been at the head.

Oct. 10th '64
I am on Dock Guard to-day. I am on the 3rd relief. The Arago
came in to-day.

Oct. 11th '64
To-day there is nothing unusual going on in camp or out of
camp.

Oct. 12th '64
I am on Entrenchment Guard at Headquarters. Lieut.
McQueen of Co. on.

Oct. 13th '64
I am not on any duty to-day as I came off of Entrenchment
guard this morning.

Oct. 14th '64
I am on Entrenchment Guard to-day at Sally Port No. 1
nothing unusual going on.

Oct 15th '64
No news came to-day. There is nothing of importance going
on to-day.

Oct 16th '64
Inspection at 10 a.m. and 4 1/2 P.M. Company and Regiment
Inspection.

Oct. 17th ' 64
I am on Entrenchment Guard at Mosquito hollow (or Coon
hollow )

Oct. 18th '64
I was relieved to-day of Entrenchment guard. And cleaned
up my gun

Oct. 19th '64
I am on Dock guard again this forenoon and afternoon and
Evening.

Oct. 20th '64
I was relieved from Guard this morning and returned to
camp.

Oct. 21st '64
I am Corp. of the 2nd relief of Camp guard. I am on every
other day most.

Oct. 22nd '64
Nothing unusual has transpired to-day. 3 months pay.
October 19th, 1864.

Oct 23rd '64
I am on entrenchment Guard at Headquarters of Fort. It is
quite cold to-night

Oct. 24th '64
It is pretty cold to-day. The wind blows and the sand flies like
fun.

Oct. 25th, '64
I am on Dock Guard and it is the worst set of Guards I ever
was on with.

Oct. 26th, '64
I came off of Dock this morning. The boys all got so they felt
pretty good.

Oct. 27th, '64
I am on Entrenchment Guard at Coon Hollow. Nothing of
importance going on.

Oct. 28th, '64
I came off this morning and cleaned up my gun a little.

Oct. 29th, '64
I am on Town Guard for the first time since we have had to
do this duty. There are (17) seventeen men on a Relief.

Oct. 30th, '64
I came off of the Town Guard this morning at 10 o'clock
A.M.. It is a warm and pleasamt day.

Oct. 31st, '64
I am on Entrenchment Guard this morning and I am
stationed at Coon Hollow.

Nov. 1st, '64
It has been trying to rain most all day but has not made it out
yet. Nothing unusual going on.

Nov. 2nd, '64
The Orago came in to-day. It has been raining a little more
all day.

Nov. 3rd, '64
I am on Dock guard. Corp. of the 1st Relief. There is (6) six
men on a Relief. No. 5 is Supernumerary and stands as relief
for No. 6. and No. 7.

Nov. 4th, '64
I guess this is the coldest day we have had since we have
been to Hilton Head. It rained quite hard last night.

Nov. 5th, '64
I am on Fatigue to-day in the Fort. I have charge of (12)
twelve men. It is awful warm to-day.

Nov. 6th, '64
I am on Entrenchment Guard at Coon Hollow. Corp.
Partridge is on with me. There are (6) men.

Nov. 7th, '64
I am not on any duty this afternoon. It rained quite hard last
night.

Nov. 8th, '64
To-day is Election. And there is to be one of the greatest
Battles this Continent ever witnessed. And it is to be fought
with "Ballots" instead of Bullets.

Nov. 9th, '64
I am on Town Guard. There are (18) eighteen men on a
Relief. I post (8) eight and Ed Pierce posts 9. He is
supernumerary corp. on my Relief

Nov. 10th, '64
I am (21) twenty-one years old to-day. And all I have (or all I
own to-day will amount to about $75. ) seventy-five dollars:
And so I expect to have a furlough next month it will take it
all to go home ( if ) I go and then I will not have anything to
commence with in the world. But when my next Birth day
comes I mean to have a hundred dollars or more. And I never
should play another game of Cards while I am in south
Carolina unless it is very interesting, and I cannot keep clear
of it.

Nov. 11th, '64
Corp. F. J. Crawford
Co. D, 144th N. Y. Volu.
Hilton Head, SC
Nov. 10th, '64

List of Co. D 144th N.Y. V.

Capt. E. A. Griffith
Lieut. N. H. Hibbard
Lieut. E. Gibbons

Sergeants
Eli Gibbons
M. L. S. Jackson
C. A. Bennett
G. E. Pierson
G. W. Shew

Corporals
J. Dezell
F. J. Crawford
W. Z. Bradley
N. E. Barnes
A. E. Woolcott
P. H. Ingraham
H. R. Persons
W. H. Smith

Nov. 10th '64
List of Co. D 144th N.Y. V. ( continued )

Privates
C. H. Andrews
W. Anderson
E. Bett
S. Brysounne
B. Brown
H. Boyd
B. T. Bushnell
J. Barnhardt
E. Butts
W. Brownson
S. Boyce
J. Cobine
G. Colgrove
A. Crawford
E. Cleaver
C. Drake
T. Drake
G. Drake
J. Eveland
M. Eggleston
A. Foot
S. Freer
L. Freer
M. Frisbee
J. Fitch
L. Georgia
N. Groat
S. Goodman
E. Graham
J. Haight
J I. How
K I. W. Hall

Nov. 11th '64
I am on Entrenchment Guard. I am stationed in the Fort, with
a Corporal and six men Corp. Jas Fletcher.

Nov. 12th '64
It is pretty cold to-day. I have been cleaning up my gun and
have written a letter to Melissa.

Nov. 13th '64
We had Company Inspection this morning at 8 o'clock A.M..
Nothing unusual has transpired. to-day Marshall W. Frisbee
went to the General Hospital this afternoon.

Nov. 14th '64
I am on Town Guard to-day. I arrested (2) two Negroes and
took up to the Provost Marshalls. Arrested another white man
for a Negro Orderly Sergeant and he was not the negro.

Nov. 15th, '64
It is most awful warm and pleasant. I made a Straw tick: and
went outside the Entrenchments and filled it up with hay this
afternoon.

Nov. 16th, '64
I am not on any duty at all to-day.. We have been fixing up
our tent some to-day. We have got the best tent now we have
had since we have been in the service.

Nov. 17th, '64
I am on Entrenchment Guard to-day. It is warm and pleasant.
L. Axtell is on with me. Lieut. Frank Hine is Officer of the
Guard.

Nov. 18th, '64
Cleaned up my gun after coming in from Pickett. Stu McNee
and an Irish man had a fist fight in Co. C cook House.

Nov. 19th, '64
I am on Town Guard. There are (18 ) eighteen men on a
Relief. It rained quite hard last night, and quite steady.

Nov. 20th, '64
One hundred and ninety-six reb prisoners came up here for us
to guard we have to furnish for Guard every day. (323) men
besides the Non. Commisioned Officers and Commisioned
Officers.

I am on Camp Guard to-day Corp. 4th, Relief. It rained pretty
hard this forenoon. And to-night it is the coldest night we
have had since we have been at the head.

Nov 21st, '64
Nothing unusual going on in Camp to-day. It is one of the
coldest days we have had this fall.

Nov. 22nd, '64
I am on Camp Guard again to-day, every thing is going off
quietly so far as my observation extends.

Nov. 23rd, '64
I have missed a day somewhere or other this week. It was to-
day instead of yesterday that I was on Camp Guard. It was
pretty cold last night. counter sign Harpers Ferry.

Nov. 24th '64
To-day is Thanksgiving and there is to be a review of all the
troops stationed at Hilton Head which consists of the 144th
N.Y. Vols and the 25th Ohio Vols, at 11 o'clock A.M. I am on
guard and will not get relieved until 3 o'clock P.M.

Nov. 25th '64
I am on Entrenchment Guard at Coon hollow Co. C. Corporal
in with me. Nothing going on anymore than usual and see of.

Nov. 26th '64
Co. "D" and Co. "K" left Camp and came down to the
Provost Marshall's and to guard "reb" prisoners so we are
here and probably will stay here a week or more.

Nov. 27th '64
We are now in the Provost Band doing Provost duty. Co. "D"
and K do the duty to-day. I am up from 2 o'clock in the
morning.

On Steamer Sylph

Nov. 28th '64
I am on Patroll from dark to 2 o'clock. Four
rebel officers made their escape to-night by cutting through
their floor and passing front of their quarters, and digging
through under the fence.

Nov. 29th '64
To-day we have schrubed and moped out our quarters.
Nothing going on worth notice.

Honey Hill, SC

Nov. 30th '64
Lieut. Bailey came in wounded and says a good many of our
Officers and men are killed and wounded. Colonel Lewis and
the most of Co. (?) were taken prisoner.

Boyd's Landing

Dec. 1st '64
Bad news from the Regt. yet to-day. Two boat loads of
wounded have come in to-day and they are sending them
amunition. So I don't think they will come back right away.

Dec. 2nd '64
I am on Patroll from dark until 2 o'clock A.M.. Nothing
unusual going on. Some prisoners that our boys took came in
to-night.

Dec. 3rd '64
No news from the Boys yet. To-night I was pretty sick to-
night and I lost my supper. It is warm and pleasant and no
sign of winter.

Dec. 4th, '64
There is not to be any more Patroll Corporals. We are
relieved to-night. It is quite cool here to-night.

Dec. 5th, '64
I am on Guard this morining. There are 27 men on a relief to-
night. The Provost marshall was expecting the Rebs would
make a rush to-night.

Devaux's Neck, SC

Dec. 6th, '64
Nothing worth noting going on to-day all is quiet and it is warm and pleasant.

Dec. 7th, '64
Every-thing is as quiet as can be. It rained quite hard this
afternoon. The last report from the front is that our forces
hold one end of the bridge.

Dec. 8th, '64
Relieved Corp. Bradley from the guard this morning. I am
Corp. of the 2nd, Relief. The 4th, Relief; were relieved and
started for the front this morning.

Dec. 9th, '64
Corp. Bradley relieved me from Guard this morning. It blows
the hardest to-day it ever has, since we have been in this
Department. It is awful rough on the seas.

Dec 10th, '64
It is most awful cold to-day. And the sand flies like fun. One
of the mail boats came in this morning.

Dec. 11th, '64
I am on Guard this morning. I am Corp. of the 4th, Relief
(10) ten niggers on guard (12) twelve white men on my
relief.

Dec. 12th, '64
The Fulton came in to-night. Gen. Howards scouts came
through to here and says Savannah is surrounded.

Dec. 13th, '64
We do not hear anything in particular from the Regt. It is
pretty cool to-day.

Dec. 14th, '64
I am Corp. of the 4th Relief, mostly colored. We sent about
(30) thirty Rebel Officers to Charleston to exchange for some
Union Officers.

Dec. 15th, '64
I was detailed to go to the front and take one hundred and
twenty-two (122) men to the Provost Marshall's for different
Regiments but there are no boats going so I came back to the
Provost again.

Dec. 16th, '64
I was detailed to go and take those soldiers to the front. I
started about 10 o'clock P.M. and we had to stop at 12
o'clock as it was foggy.

Dec. 17th, '64
It was so foggy this morning we could not start until after 11
o'clock A.M., we arrived at Deveraux Landing at 12 noon.
We came up on the Picket boat May Flower.

Dec. 18th, '64
I started and came aboard a little tug, at 1 1/2 o'clock , and
arrived at the Head about 5 o'clock P.M.. It was most awful
foggy coming down.

Dec. 19th, '64
I am on Guard to-day, I am on the 2nd, Relief. It rained quite
hard to-night Other ways there is nothing out of the way.

Dec. 20th, '64
Major General Sherman was here to Hilton Head to day. And
to-night the Head is illuminated in honor of him.

Dec. 21st, '64
A good many of Gen. Sherman's men are coming through
here on their way home. The Barracks here are all full, and
there is no place to put them. It is awful cold and the wind
blows and sand flies.

Dec. 22nd, '64
I am Corp. of the 4th, Relief to-day. The wind blows and the
sand flies for good. It is nearly as cold a time as we have had
yet.

Dec. 23rd, '64
It has cleared up and the wind has gone down entirely to-day
but it is quite cold for all the change.

Dec. 24th, '64
I am Corp. of the 3rd Relief, there are six (6) reliefs to-day.
The 1st 2nd and 4th relief are relieved.

Dec. 25th, '64
"Seogen" lives in Ashley, Washington Co. on the Illinois
Central railroad. This is the stillest Christmas, I ever have
passed.

Dec. 26th, '64
The Amago sailed to-day. All of General Shermans
discharged soldiers went home on her. It is warm and
pleasant.

Dec. 27th, '64
I went up to Camp to-day and fetched all the clean clothes
down warm and pleasant to-day.

Dec. 28th, '64
The Mail Steamer Fulton came in to-night. We drinked
plenty of soda and Sassparella. Rained a little to-day.

Dec. 29th, '64
I am on Corp. of the 3rd Relief. The wind blows amd sand
flies pretty bad. We don't hear nothing from the Regt. yet.

Dec. 30th, '64
The boys went a hunting to-day, and shot some birds so we
could have a Christmas dinner, a fat fire.

Dec. 31st, '64
We are all as well as could be expected as we have been on
guard pretty steady since we have been in the head.

Hilton Head, SC

Jan 1st, '65
This is New Years and an awful poor New Years it is to. one year ago to-day. I was on
Folly Island. two years ago I was on Upton Hill.

Jan. 2nd, '65
The 144th returned to Camp this morning pretty glad to get
back again where they can sleep and enjoy them-selves
again.

Jan. 3rd, '65
The acting Orderly came and told me I was appointed
Sergeant this afternoon. I have earned it if any one has. and
they all know it. But the Capt. done it more to smooth over
something else than he did because it belonged to me.

Jan. 4th, '65
As it is the same thing over here every day, there is nothing
new to note down.

Jan. 5th, '65
I went down to relieve Orderly Bennett to-day, but as he is
mustered and is to draw pay to-day the Lieut. would not let
him come.

Jan. \6th, '65
The wind blows and the sand flies pretty hard. Nothing now
going on.

Jan. 7th, '65
Some of Gen. Sherman's discharged Soldiers came in to-day.
And among them was Jim Hunter.

Jan. 8th, '65
I am on as Sergeant of the Guard to-day. There are 24 men on
a relief. Capt. Rich arrested 4 men of Co. D.

Jan. 9th, '65
It is quite wet and raining this afternoon. Secretary Stanton,
Adjutant General E. D. Townsend and Major General Meiggs
arrived here to-day on a visit to this Department, and Gen.
Sherman's army up to (?).

Jan. 10th, '65
It is most awful wet and rainy to-day. There is nothing
unusual going on as I know of to-day

Jan. 11th, '65
We have had Company drill to-day for the first time in nearly
three months. Orderly Bennett killed us.

Jan. 12th, '65
We fell in this forenoon at 11 1/2 o'clock to go down and
escort Secretary Stanton up to Gen. Fosters Headquarters but
he did not come.

Jan. 13th, '65
We are to hold ourselves in readiness to fall in at any time to-
day. To escort the big men up to the Generals.

Jan. 14th, '65
We were called in and went down town and stayed around
until one o'cliock. Then we fell in and went down to the dock
and presented arms to the Secretary of war.

Jan. 15th '65
I am on Sergeant of the guard to-day. There was three
Corporals put under arrest and will be reduced or something
more be done.

Jan. 16th, '65
Nothing very bad going on to-day, and consequently there is
nothing to note down.

Jan. 17th, '65
We had plenty of fun to-night. running jumping and
scoffling, playing leap frog and all such boys play.

Jan. 18th, '65
Nothing very stirring has transpired to-day. Gen. Smith has
written to Hon. S. F. Miller to find out about their trial.

Jan. 19th, '65
I am on Sargeant of the Provost Guard to-day. Capt. John
Rich is officer of the Guard. One man arrested for sleeping on
post. The boys burnt Partridge and peppers to-night.

Jan. 20th, '65
The Lieut. brought down a copy of the charges and
specifications that came down against the Corpls.

Jan. 21st, '65
I am Sergt. of the Guard again to-day. The niggers all left to-
night.

Jan. 22nd, '65
To-day is Sunday and it is like every Sunday has been since
we croped the long bridge. The boys are a little quarrlesome
to-night.

Jan.23rd, '65
Corp. Andrews: Corp. Bradley; and myself brought a set of
boxing gloves for three dollars so we could have a little
exercise.

Jan. 24th, '65
I had to go and swear as a witness against Corp. Smith. I did
not have to say much.

Jan. 25th, '65
Dezell and Bradley have been tried. I did not have to swear
for or against them.

Jan. 26th, '65
I am on Sergeant of the Provost Guard to-day There are (4)
four reliefs, and (22) twenty-two men on each relief. They put
Col. Maning and (5) others in a new cell to-day.

Jan.26th, '65
We bought a barrel of potatoes they cost $3.25 cents a barrel.
It is not awful cold.

Jan. 27th, '65
Nothing very interesting going on to-day.

Jan. 28th, '65
I started to go to Savannah left the Dock at 12 o'clock at
night.

Jan. 29th, '65
We arrived at Savannah at 25 minutes past 1 P.M. I turned
the men in and got a receipt. I then run around the city to see
the sights. they had a big fire here a day or two ago.

Jan. 30th, '65
Started for home this morning at 7 o'clock. We came down a
different channel than the one we went up in. Arrived at the
Head at 4 o'clock P.M.

Jan. 31st, '65
I am detailed to go down on dock guard and relieve Geo.
Shew. He is sick. He thinks he will be better in a few days

Feb. 1st, '65
No news to-day. The Steamer Fulton left for the North.

On Steamer Ann Marie

Feb. 2nd, '65
I am on Sergeant of the Dock Guard to-day. It is most awful windy to-day, and
looks like rain.
Edisto Island, SC

Feb. 3rd, '65
It rained quite hard last night, and is raining some to-day. The Regt. started out on a
raid last Thursday. They took (10) ten days rations.

Gov. Aikin's Plantation, SC

Feb 4th, '65
I was relieved of Dock Guard this morning. Everything is going on as
usual.

Steamer Cosmopolitan

Feb. 5th, '65
A detail came to Co. "D" and "K" for 60 men and (4) Corporals. They are going
on a couple small gun boats.

Feb. 6th, '65
The detail has not yet gone. It had been raining all day and
most all night I drawed a (?) to-day.

Steamer Cosmopolitan- Folly Island, SC

Feb. 7th '65
I am Sergt. of the Provost Guard. They have taken away all but two reliefs. We have
three relieves to-night.
Cole's Island, SC

Feb. 8th '65
It is quite cold and the wind is up, and the sand flies all over every body and every
thing.

Feb. 9th '65
The sand blows more to-day than it did yesterday. And it is
full as cold to-day, A small mail came in to-day
On Transport Steamer

Feb. 10th '65
I went down town to-day. It is warm and pleasant and it is
quite like spring to-day.

Feb. 11th '65
Our Regt. is pretty well broken up and scattered around.
There are one hundred (100) men gone to Albany with reb
prisoners, and three hundred up to South Edisto, and there
are eighty men on two Gunboats and forty men on the Dock,
and Co. "E" is in Fort Wells, and guarding Gen. Fosters Head
Quarters and here is Co. "D", and "R", in the Provost guard
and some dead beets in camp, some home on Furlough, and
some detailed for Orderlies and clerks. It is real warm and
pleasant. I am Sergeant of the guard Sunday.

Feb. 12th '65
Joe took Leon and myself up past Mitcheleville on the beach
to hunt clams, oysters and key shells. Joe did not find any. I
did.

Feb. 13th '65
It is a most awful cold windy day and the sand flies all over
everything. Sit up until 10 o'clock and played "Euchre", (?)
and myself beat them some.

Feb. 14th '65
We were all called out this morning at 4 o'clock, to go down
and put out the fire. Two homes burned up and another came
very near burning. They burnt in the ordinance yard and Gen.
Littlefield was afraid the fire would get in the Powder House.

Feb. 15th '65
I am Sergeant of the Guard. There is only (16) sixteen men
on a relief now.

Feb. 15th, '65
All of the Reb prisoners are to be exchanged by order of Gen.
Grant.

Feb. 16th, '65
I came off guard this morning at 9 o'clock A. Cleaver, C.
Bennett, A C Woolcott, C. McMinn and myself. Started and
went over to "bay point". Got back home at dark, could not
get the boat at the boat house there so C. Bennett W. Simes
and myself went and took it up at 9 o'clock P.M., went up to
Mitchelville, as charley thought we were not up far enough
so we had to come back and we put up the boat all right.

Feb. 17th, '65
It is warm and pleasant to-day. We had some singing and
dancing, and playing on the Guitar and Banjo. Some colored
soldiers came in our tent and had quite a time. I went down to
the Commissary to buy a couple barrels of Potatoes but they
did not have any so we have got to go without until they can
get some from the North. The sand flies good this afternoon.

Feb. 18th, '65
All is about as usual. The story is that Charleston is evacuated
but is not generally believed.

Mt. Pleasant, SC

Feb. 19th, '65
I am Sergeant of the Provost Guard. A Salute was fired by
order of Gen. Gillmore by the Navy and Artillery. In honor of
the evacuation of Charleston. They took off (20) men to-night
with three days rations. So there is only 4 Reliefs left. Warm
and pleasant.

Feb. 20th, '65
The boys came back from the North this morning. They had a
first rate time. The boys had a good time sparing to-day.
Some of them got mad, and came near fighting.
Charleston, SC

Feb. 21st, '65
A mail came in to-day, and fetched me a letter from Mary, with some money in which
came very good.

Feb. 22nd, '65
I am Sergeant of the Provost Guard. They fired a salute at
noon here to-day in honor of Washingtons birthday.

Strawberry Ferry, SC

Feb. 23rd, '65
Everything is about as usual. I re'ced a letter from Theo. And
I think I have an express box down to the office. But it rains
and I can't go down.

Feb. 24th, '65
It is just a year to-day that our regt. lands at Jacksonville, Fla.
We had a considerable music here to-day. Two guitars, a
violin, and tambourine, singing.

Feb. 25th, '65
I am Sergeant of the Provost guard to-day. There is no officer
of the guard. There is sixteen on a relief. No. (10) is
supernumerary. It rained a little to-day Sunday.

St. Stephen's Station, SC

Feb. 26th, '65
I went over to Mitchelville, to hear the Dedication
Sermon preached. Colored people church. A good many were leaping.

Feb. 27th, '65
I am Sergt. Of the Provost Guard again to-day. It rains very
little while.

Feb. 28th, '65
Came off guard this morning. We mustered again to-day. We
have six months pay due us now, and no prospect getting our
pay yet.

Mar. 1st, '65
Started for Blairs Landing at 12 noon with 164 men and six
guards got there at 5 o'clock. It is 28 miles from Hilton Head
to Blairs Landing. Some one stole my nice bayonet. It has
been the nicest bayonet in the Company for the last four
months.

Mar. 2nd, '65
I turned my men over and re'ced a receipt for them and their
papers. Returned to the head at 12 1/2 o'clock.

Monk's Corner, SC

Mar. 3rd, '65
Nothing unusual going on to-day. Went down to town and seen all the sights and
more too.

Mar. 4th, '65
I am Sergt. of the guard. We don't have no Officer of the
Guard now days. To-day Abraham takes the chair for another
four years.

Strawberry Ferry, SC

March 5th, '65
Every thing is about as it has been for sometime. I wrote a letter home this for
sometime I wrote a letter home this forenoon.

March 6th, '65
Every thing is as usual, and it is some windy, and the sand
flies quite freely.

March 7th, '65
I am on Guard again this morning About (200) two hundred,
Confed Convalescents, and recruits came in the yard this
afternoon.

March 8th, '65
It has been raining hard all day. Some mail came in to-night
and fetched me a paper the first one in a long time.

Calais, SC

March 9th, '65
Another load of soldiers came in to-day. Sherman has been
getting re-inforcements every time he came to Savannah.

Charleston, SC March 10th, '65
I am Sergt. of the Guard to-day. It is pleasant to-day. Nothing
going on except as usual.

March 11th, '65
We played ball most all day to-day. I am going to make
another ball soon as I can get some yams.

March 12th, '65
I went up to Camp this afternoon and went out to where the
Steam Saw mill burnt down. And there down through
Mittchelville.

March 13th, '65
No news to-day, a small mail came but no mail for me. It is
some rainy to-day.

March 14th, '65
I am on guard again this morning. It looks rainy. One post
was relieved to-day.

March 15th, '65
Nothing very unusual going on to-day. I have missed one day
somewhere this week.

March 16th, '65
I am Sergt of the Provost Guard again to-day. There are 7
posts now. I don't like the style of sending the same Sergeants
to Charleston all the while and letting the Regt. do the guard
duty.

March 17th, '65
It is warm and pleasant. I went to town this forenoon to get
some Photographs but they asked (7.00) dollars a dozen so I
did not get any.

March 18th, '65
Played ball this forenoon and went down to the Dock this
afternoon. The Steamer Fulton came in to-night.

March 19th, '65
I am Sergt. Of the Provost Guard to-day. Some two hundred
men came in the yard this morning but went to blairs landing.

March 20th, '65
It is as warm to-day as it has been every day since we have
been in the yard. Played ball most all day.

March 21st, '65
I am Sergt. of the Provost guard again to-day. It rained most
awful hard this afternoon. And turned quite cold.

Hilton Head, SC

March 22nd, '65
Played ball again to-day as usual. The Mail boat went out to-day.

March 23rd, '65
No news of any importance. The Regt. came back from
Charleston last night. And I'll bet the boys were glad to get
back home again.

March 24th, '65
Everything goes on as usual for all I seen here. It is a little
windy to-day.

March 25th, '65
I am on Guard again to-day. They have broken up the
distribution camp at Blairs Landing. and are sending away
the men.

March 26th, '65
The wind blows hard and the sand flies awfuly. The mail boat
came in to-day. The Orago

March 27th, '65
I am on Guard again this morning. Nothing unusual going on
to-day. The wind blows yet to-day.

March 28th, '65
It has rained hard all day to-day. I went down on the Arago
and bought some (8) eight pounds of butter for (.45) forty-five
cents per pound.

March 29th, '65
The wind is blowing and the sand is flying like fun to-day.
Every thing else is as quiet otherwise as usual.

March 30th, '65
I am Sergt. of the Provost Guard. The sand flies considerable.
but we played ball some to-day.

March 31st, '65
The Colonel has laid out a Street in the new camp for Co.
"D", and is trying his best to get us back, and our two
Captains are trying to get us detached. The sand flies here to-
day.

April 1st, '65
There is nothing of account going on. Only we have got (3)
three new Corporals George Colgrove, Geo Drake and Jas
Dezell: one that was court martialed.

April 2nd, '65
I am on Guard to-day. Everything is as usual. The Mail boat
came in tonight

April 3rd, '65
I was on board to-day, instead of yesterday. I have lost one
day this week. The mail boat came in to-day. Played ball
some to-day.

April 4th, '65
It is warm and pleasant I don't know what to do with myself.
Every body staid in the house to-day.

April 5th, '65
The Regt. has been moving their Camp for the last two or
three days. They only move a little ways. Just to make the
boys work.

April 6th, '65
It is warm and pleasant. and has been so for quite a while. I
have written (2) two letters to go in this mail.

April 7th, '65
Co "D" played Co "K" a match game of Ball for (40) forty
Tallies. Co. "D". beat Co. K. Co. 'D', got (40) Tallies and Co
"K" got (19) nineteen. It was cloudy and nice and everything
went off well and everybody was satisfied that we played them
fair.

April 8th, '65
Nothing very unusual going on to-day. The boys came back
from Florida to-night. The sea is quite rough.

April 9th, '65
I am Sergt. of the Provost Guard once more to-day. They
fetched in a pretty good looking Female soldier to-day.
Dressed in Uncle Sams sky blue.

April 10th, '65
Everything goes on as usual. We played a game of ball to-day.
The Mail boat "Baltie" came in to-night. In place of the
Fulton .

April 11th, '65
It is warm and pleasant. The mail boat came in to-day. I
re'ced a letter from Charley.

April 12th, '65
I started for Charleston this noon, and arrived at the Dock
mid night and stayed until morning.

Apr 13th, '65
Went up to the Provost Marshalls and got rid of the men
after a good while and they got a night and day paper and
run all over the City, in all the cribs.

April 14th, '65
I was all over the place and I am just about as good as tired
out. The City looks pretty well tumbled up. I seen the Fort
Sumpter operation.

April 15th, '65
Everybody most are going home so I guess I will go. Went on
board the W. W. Cort at 11 o'clock, and started for the Head
at 12 1/2 o'clock. Arrived at Hilton Head at 8 o'clock.

April 16th, '65
Everything is as usual here at the Head for all I see. It is
glorious news we are getting now every day.

April 17th, '65
No news has come to-day. Everybody is going right away.
One fellow is going to shake hands with me in old Delaware
the 17th of June. ( He says )

April 18th, '65
I am Sergt. of the Provost Guard again to-day.

April 18th, '65
We re'ced some new orders in regard to the Officer of the
day. We have got to keep all the men at the Guard house and
turn out for the Officer of the day. The Fulton came in To-day
and brought the sad news of the assassination.

April 19th, '65
An order for monthly Inspection came to-day, and then was
countermanded. And there is to be a gun fired every half hour
to-day.

April 20th, '65
Everything is going on as usual here in in the yard. The old
soldiers are getting down on Grif: more and more every day.
There is now (9) nine men detailed here in the yard; and not
an old soldier among them. He has said many a time that if
there was any easy places the old soldiers should have them.
But he is one of those kind that likes to be on the biggest side,
and most (?) side.

April 21st, '65
We sold our rations of sugar to-day. and now we have got
enough money to buy a barrel of potatoes. It is quite warm to-
day. It rained some this evening.

April 22nd, '65
It is most awful warm to-day. I was going to Camp but it was
so warm I did not go. It is quite cool this evening.

April 23rd, '65
I am Sergt. of the Provost Guard: It is most awful D cold, and
the sand flies like fury.

April 24th, '65
It is pretty cool and the sand flies a considerable. The Sun
shines some. I hear some niggers dancing this evening. They
furnished their own music.

April 25th, '65
I went up to Camp to-day and took my watch to be fixed.
They have not got the camp fixed up yet. And they have to
drill twice a day. and have Dress Parade; and roll call. While
we have neither.

April. 26th '65
The mail boat came in to-night, about 8 o'clock. It is pretty
warm to-day. We played ball this afternoon.

April 27th, '65
Nothing unusual has transpired to-day. I have been gathering
some things up to send home.

April 28th, '65
I am Sergt. of the Provost Guard, and everything is as usual:
except we have what is pretended to be an officer of the
sword. Peach Onehand.

April 29th, '65
(3) Three men were fined (25.00 ) twenty-five dollars and
drumed through town and sent north never to return again.
For selling Whiskey to Soldiers and Sailors.

April 30th, '65
Co's "D." and "K." went to camp, for muster. We have (8)
eight months pay due the Regt. now. A salute of (13) thirteen
guns were fired this morning at sunrise and a gun every half
hour until sunset. Then a national salute of (36) thirty-six
guns will be fired in honor of the burial of President Lincoln,
It is most awful warm to-day. Gen. . T. Sherman arrived here
to-night from Wilmington, and reports the surrender of Joe
Johnstons forces.

May 1st, '65
A salute of (100) one hundred guns were fired this morning at
sunrise: In honor of the surrender of Joe Johnstons army.

May 2nd, '65
Nothing unusual going on to-day. A mail came from the
North to-day.

May 3rd, '65
I am Sergt. of the Provost Guard . (2)years ago the 144th
NYVol. Croped the Manemound river at Suffolk, Va andit
was the first we ever see of rebel Jonnnies and the first we
ever seen blood come from the effects of reb. bullets. (1) one
year ago to-day we were at Jacksonville, Florida.

May 4th, '65
The mail boat came in to-night and brought good news again.
The war & grief is now about played.

May 5th, '65
The sand flies the worst to-day it ever has since we have been
in the Provost and, everything else is as usual.

May 6th, '65
Nothing unusual going on to-day. I went down town and
looked for some shells, but could not find any very nice ones.

May 7th, '65
I went to mictchelville to a Sunday school celebration of
young contrabands. Gen. Littlefield; and Colonel Lewis
talked to them. We had Sunday morning Inspection.

May 8th, '65
I was detailed for Guard this morning and was relieved to
come out on orders.

May 9th, '65
I went and got about one hundred and fifty small key shells to
send home. The Fulton started for NY.

May 10th, '65
Will and Joe went to Charleston with some liquor. It is a most
awful warm day. the warm weather does not agree with me;
or at least not as well as cool.

May 11th, '65
I went to Camp to-day and it is most awful hot to-day. It
rained a little just at night.

May 12th, '65
I went up the beach and arrested about (30) thirty Johnnies,
and sent them to the Provost yard.

May 13th, '65
I packed a box to-day to Express home. I sent two (2)
overcoats: two Woolen blankets: one Rubber blanket. A shot
gun: and fly trap a box of shells and a jerre of Cochise shells.

May 14th, '65
Some of us went out on a walk and eat all the Blackberries we
wanted. And come back through Camp.

May 15th, '65
It is most awful warm. And I am pretty near sick. I have not
been up the Beach to-day. I sent an Express box home valued
at 20.00 twenty dollars Ex Freight (3.50) three dollars and
fifty cents.

May 16th, '65
The Emily came in from Savannah this forenoon with
Jefferson Davis; his wife and a host of other leading traitors
and murderers.

May 16th, '65
And were transferred to a Gunboat and started immediately
for Washington. I hope all those will be hung. It is just and
right they should I think.

May 17th, '65
I went out hunting key shells and found about (270) two
hundred and seventy key shells. Found plenty of them up the
beach. It is quite warm to-day. The Orago went out to-night.

May 18th, '65
The Johnnies keep coming in on Paroles every day most, on
their way home. Some of them want whipping over again and
some are as rabid as ever.

May 19th, '65
I went out to-night hunting shells. but the tide was not out far
enough to go there.It is not awful warm.

May 20th, '65
It is looking some like rain to-day. We had a raw Johnny cake
for Supper, and it was not a first (?) one.

May 21st, '65
The Fulton came in this morning and brought in the 6th and
7th Regts. of Regulars, one went to Savannah and the other to
St. Augustine.

May 22nd, '65
I went out hunting shells to-day. I got (340) three hundred
forty. Small seed shells. It is most awful warm now down in
this Country.

May 23rd, '65
The 7th U.S. Regular Band played for their regular rations to-
night. I think it is the best Reg. Band I have ever heard.

May 24th, '65
The rest of the Boys came back from the Picket boat, this
morning early.

May 25th, '65
There is nothing very unusual going on here at the Head. The
Steamer Fulton went out to-day. We had quite a thunder
storm this evening.

May 26th, '65
It has been raining all day to-day. And it is quite cool to-
night. Nothing unusual going on.

May 27th, '65
It is quite cool to-day. All sorts of stories in circulation about
our going home. But I think we will not go home yet.

May 28th, '65
The mail boat came in to-day. Some of the boys that went
north came back. The boys don't think so much of going
home as they used too.

May 29th, '65
I went up to Camp to-night and Ed learned me the Waltz. I
did him when we were at home.

May 30th, '65
*I am detailed to do all District Headquarters printing. And I
hope I shall have a chance to get my hand in before I go
home.

May 31st, '65
Co. "D." has orders to report to-morrow morning to Camp. I
had plenty of work to do to-day, and will have all the time.

June 1st, '65
Co. "D." had the worst time they ever have had since they
had been in the service. They fairly tore things. And fought
and took on terribly.

June 2nd, '65
Every thing is about as usual. The Engineers and 9th had a
fight to-night.

June 3rd, '65
I went to the Theatre to-night and it was quite a show. It still
continues to be most awful warm.

June 4th, '65
Co "D" moved up to Camp this morning and they have got
pretty good quarters.

June 5th, '65
The Fulton came in to-day, and brought back some of our
officers and men. If the officers are on to-night to work a little
we can go home on the Fulton.

June 6th, '65
Every thing I guess is going on swimmingly in regard to our
going home. The Fultons going to be detained until Monday.

June 7th, '65
Nothing talked about only going home. All think the Officers
aught to exert themselves a little and we will be home 4th of
July.

June 8th, '65
Printed some Cards for myself and Joe, and myself. Had
some Photographs taken.

June 9th, '65
The boys are making out the single discharges. We all
expected to go on this boat but it goes tomorrow and we can't
go. It is most awful warm

June 10th, '65
I went up to Camp to-night and learned to play
accompaniment to a song, entitled Swinging in the (?). It
well be new up North.

June 11th, '65
Joe T. and myself went out a walking this afternoon. The
thermometer showed one hundred eight.

June 12th, '65
To-day is alfired hot. Hot is hardly a name for it. It is baking
hot. We had plenty of work to-day.

June 13th, '65
The Arago came to the bar to-night, late in the night. It seems
as if it was an unmercifully hot day to-day. The theatre still
runs.

June 14th, '65
I have not done anything to-day in the line of printing but we
are having most awful warm weather.

June 15th, '65
A small General Order No. 5 relieving Capt. John Rich. They
say we are going on this boat. But I cant see it.

June 16th, '65
Nothing unusual going on to-day. Most all the Regt. are
going home on this boat. I had my say yesterday, so I wont
contradict it to-day.

June 17th, '65
Printed a General Order No. 6 in regard to furnishing
desertion lists to State mustering officers. It is quite warm.

June 18th, '65
I believe that it rained hard to-day but not much. It is most
awful weather here in the "Sunny South".

June 19th, '65
It has been most awful warm to-day. And I have done about
as much work to-day as I have any day since I have been in
the Office.

June 10th, '65
It has quite a notion to rain again to-day. It rained quite hard
last night, and was quite dark.

June 21st, '65
It rained quite hard to-day and looked as if it might rain
more. The Steamer Fulton came in this morning. I hope the
Regt. will go home on her this time.

June 22nd, '65
The Regt. are nearly mustered out. I have strong hopes of
going north on the Fulton. It has been raining hard for several
days.

June 23rd, '65
It has rained most awful hard for the most of this week.

June 24th, '65
We are all ordered back to the Regt. to get ready to go on the
boat home. Start on Monday at 10 o'clock.

June 25th, '65
The boys are all going to tear up camp at 1 o'clock. They all
feel good, and I hope they will feel so all the way home.

June 26th, '65
We left camp at 9 o'clock this morning and left Hilton Head
Dock at 2 o'clock P.M.. It rained some while at the Dock.

Steamer Fulton

June 27th, '65
I am most awful sea sick, as well as the rest of the boys. But the sea is most awful
smooth, there is hardly a ripple. The sun shines most awful
warm.

June 28th, '65
We arrived at Fortress Monroe to-day at 11 o'clock a. m.. It
taking us just 45 hours to run from Hilton Head Dock. Started
for New York at 10 o'clock P.M.

June 29th, '65
We left Fortress Monroe as above stated, and arrived at New
York, at 6 o'clock P.M., and came up here to where we now
are which is on Gray Street but I disremember what number.

Steamer Fulton

New York, N.Y.

June 30th '65
We had first rate living here in New York at
the 8th N.Y. S. M home.We left NY on the Steamer
John Brook at 7 o'clock tonight,
while it was raining like the old harry.

Albany, N.Y.

July 1st '65
We arrived at Albany this morning at about 9 o'clock a.m. We had a bully breakfast this
forenoon, and staid at Steunway Hall, and at 6 o'clock left
and came up here in the barrack yard live outdoor.

July 2nd '65
We Staid in our shelter tents to-day and had as good as
nothing to eat.

N. Y. Central R. R.

July 3rd '65

We left Albany this forenoon and have passed through Utica: Syracuse and arrived in
Canandaigua some time in the night. It is pretty good country
up through this section.

Canandaigua, N.Y.

July 4th '65

We arrived in Cannandaqua some time last night and laid on the cars untill morning.
then we got off and laid on the track, The leaders gave us a
picnic dinner. This is a regular screech hole and all little Mac
Men. But the boys cleared out a squad of them and that is the
last we have heard of mac.

We are to leave at one o'clock. We arrive in Elmira at sunset and
came up to Barracks No. 1.

Elmira, N.Y.

July 5th '65
Of all the treatment the 144th had received this is the
meanest. We have as good as dry bread and a little pile of Salt
between two (?) plates.

July 6th '65
The living is almighty poor. Nothing different from yesterday
except we had a little stuff they called coffee. It is a shame the
way returned Soldiers are treated. I have to buy me a quart of
milk for every meal.

July 7th '65
I have stood such living as long as I can and so I went out this
morning to board for 12 schilling a day and find my own bed.
I went and found the river and had a good bath.

July 8th, '65
Joe and myself went out and found us a suit of fancy clothes
to buy when we get our pay and get ready to go on our way
homeI did not find quite the thing I wanted but they will do.

July 9th, '65
Everything goes on as usual. I am getting tired of laying
around here and doing nothing.

July 10th, '65
I have been all over this town and and seen every thing there
is to see here but the machine shop, and I will try and go to
see that.

July 11th, '65
I have been up to the top of the biggest hill around this town
and that is not a very small one.

July 12th, '65
Five Companies signed their rolls this afternoon. Co. "D" and
the rest sign theirs in the morning.

July 13th, '65
Was discharged to-day received our pay and started for home.
We all feel like tigers. No one knows how that is only they
that have got their. "Spread Eagle" "O.K."

EPILOGUE

Frank John returned to Delhi, NY after his army service and on March 17, 1869 married Agnes D. Field in Franklin, Delaware County, NY. They resided in Delhi, NY, while Frank worked as a printer. ( 5 )

Their first child Lulu May was born on February 4, 1872, in Delhi. Lulu died in Delhi on 12/17/1874, in Walton, NY. She is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, Delhi, with members of the William Saint Crawford. ( 10 ) ( 13 )

In 1876 Frank John and Aggie moved west and stayed for awhile in Galva, IL, where Frank's brothers Walter and Theodore had settled. Frank worked as a clerk and between 1876 and 1880, Frank and Aggie moved to Polo, Ogle County, IL. ( 13 )

On October 2, 1877, son and last child Earle Frank Crawford was born in Polo, IL. ( 2 )

Frank was City Clerk of Polo, starting in 1881 and serving through 1890. ( 14 )

During the year 1880 Frank John, wife Aggie and son Earle, age two resided in Polo and Frank was a printer. ( 6 )

AGGIE FIELD

In 1890 Frank John sold his interest in a clothing business to his partner W R Miller and purchased the Polo Visitor of which he became Editor and Publisher. ( 9 ) ( 13 )

In 1900 Frank John, age fifty-six, Editor, resided with wife Aggie, age forty-nine and son Earle, age twenty-two, a printer, in Polo, IL. ( 7 )

In 1908 Frank John died on January 21, in Polo, of cancer of the liver and chronic heart trouble. ( 13 )

Wife Aggie died in Pasadena, CA, on April 5, 1938, of arteriosclerosis and was buried in Fairmount Cemetery, Polo, IL, with husband Frank John. ( 11 )

Son Earle Frank owned various businesses, during his lifetime, in Iowa, Minnesota and South Dakota. He was the publisher of the Dakota Farmer Leader, a newspaper in South Dakota. Earle died in Rockford, IL, on March 1, 1966, childless. He is buried in Luverne, MN. ( 12 )

SOURCES

Italicized numbers found in the text, reflect sources for information stated. The following sources were used in this study.


 1              Military Service Record - Frank John Crawford
                United States Government

 2              Military Pension Record - Frank John Crawford
                United States Government

 3              History of William Saint Crawford Family
                Prepared by Frank John Crawford

 4              1860 Federal Census
                Delhi, Delaware County, NY

 5              1870 Federal Census
                Delhi, Delaware County, NY

 6              1880 Federal Census
                Polo, Ogle County, IL

 7              1900 Federal Census
                Polo, Ogle County, IL

 8              United States Army Discharge
                June 25, 1865

 9              Galva Businesses - 1876
                Galva Historical Society  - Galva, IL

10              Death Certificate - Lulu May Crawford
                Delhi, NY 12/19/1874

11              Death Certificate - Agnes D. Crawford
                Pasadena, CA 4/5/1938

12              Obituary - Earle F. Crawford
                Rockford Morning Star-
                Rockford, IL 3/31/1966

13              Obituary - Frank John Crawford
                Tri County Press
                Polo, IL 1/23/1908

14              History of City Officials Polo, IL
                Polo Historical Society

15              Civil War Record of the 144th
                Regiment Volunteer Infantry
                James Harvey McKee


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