Delaware County NY Genealogy and History Site

Welcome Page of the Delaware County NY Genealogy and History Site . . . | . . . Table of Contents Page . . . | . . . Contact Site Manager

DR. STEPHEN ELIJAH CHURCHILL, A Stamford Visionary --by Karen Cuccinello

Dr. Churchill pretty much devoted his entire life to the betterment and improvement of Stamford. He promoted education, orchestrated financing and organized a village water and sewage system, and was the founder and developer of Stamford's two largest hotels.Dr. Churchill

Stephen was born September 7, 1841 in Stamford, NY to Elijah and Sarah Ann (Benedict) Churchill. He was the forth child born into a family of seven and was christened at the 1st Presbyterian Church in Stamford on March 2, 1842. The home he grew up in was built by his father in 1840 and was situated between Stamford and Hobart. Stephen attended school in the Mud Schoolhouse District, the Stamford Seminary, Yale (I believe he was at Yale for one year, in preparation to attend medical school), and finally the College of Physicians and Surgeons of NYC in 1875.

He was a farmer on his families farm, teacher in district schools, principal and owner of Stamford Seminary (1865- 1872), doctor in Scranton, PA 1876 and Stamford starting in 1877, became president of the newly formed Stamford Water Company in 1880 and then got into the hotel business. In 1871 two couples from down-state came to Stamford and stayed at his "Ladies Hall" boarding house that was really intended for students of the Seminary. The visitors commented that "Stamford has a future" (as a summer resort town). Stephen hung on to that comment and opened Churchill Hall July 4, 1883. The hotel cost $94,000 to build. He spent a lot of time and money on advertising his hotel in NYC newspapers and it is said that he coined the phrase "The Queen of the Catskills" for Stamford.

September 22, 1883 Brooklyn Daily Eagle advertizement- Come and See the Mountains in All Their Glory, Churchill Hall – In the village of Stamford, at the foot of Mount Utsayanthe: Open through the month of October: 1,800 feet above sea level: five minutes walk from depot. The house is new; beautifully located; heated by steam; lighted by gas; hot and cold water on each floor; terms from $7 to $10 per week; 75 guests now registered.

Over the next 16 years Churchill Hall grew to be four hotels all attached by covered porches. He briefly partnered with two other men and built a hotel in Florida in 1888. This was the first and probably only time that he was South of Washington, DC.

From 1885-1897 he constructed lakes and roadways that became Churchill Park. The Rexmere was built within Churchill Park and completed in 1898 at a cost of $75,000. The Rexmere was the epitome of luxury and could accommodate 350 guests. Dr. Churchill ran it for 10 years then leased it to some businessmen.


1869- He purchased the Red School House (district school), it became the ice house for Churchill Hall. January 26,1869 Bloomville Mirror- The Stamford Seminary has 162 students, ten more than the Delaware Literary Institute, at Franklin.

1872 -The Ulster & Delaware Railroad came to Stamford.

1874 Stamford Mirror (SM)- Gave a little speech at a Library Association (Judson Library) fundraiser held at his hall.

April 1878 SM advertisement- S.E. Churchill M.D. Physician & Surgeon, Stamford, NY- Office at the Odell House, Brooklyn. Open day and night. When absent calls may be left with Nathan Coe.

August 1879 SM - Families in this vicinity who desire to take one or more of 'Fresh Air Children,' will call on Dr. S. E. Churchill, Stamford.

May 31, 1881 SM- Dr. Churchill is very successful in fishing for tape-worms. Last week he obtained one over 30 feet long (I double checked, and yes it says feet) from a man residing near Hobart. The best thing is, he gets the head with the body, and that stops the trouble. - Fisher G. Rulifson received the appointment as post-master, the office will be removed to Dr. S.E. Churchill's new drug store and Miss Vessie Churchill will be assistant P.M.

1892- He was a member of the Stamford Electric Company that was formed 1892 and was president of the Stamford Seminary board of education.

March 12, 1892 SM- He paid the village $8.10 side walk tax.

1893 -Sewage system was completed.

January 27,1895 NY Sun- The tower that Dr. Churchill and George C. Gibbs built on Mount Utsayantha was blown over and hurled down the mountain side.

1895- The S.E. Churchill Hook and Ladder Company was formed. Stephen took an active roll in supporting this fire department.

June 2,1897 Brooklyn Daily Eagle advertisement- Churchill Hall- An ideal health resort, 1,800 feet elevation, heated throughout, electric lights. Special rates for June. Apply to E.R. Jenkins at Hotel St. George, Brooklyn June 8 & 9, 3 to 6PM for terms, diagram of rooms and full particulars. Through Wagner train from 42nd St. NY by summer schedule. S.E. Churchill M.D.

1900 Stamford Township census -Stephens household consisted of his mother, four boarders, two sisters, a cook, chore man, daughter of the cook and chore man, housekeeper, night clerk and servant. 1906- He and his sister went to the National Womens Christian Temperance Union meeting, held in LosAngeles, CA.

1912- Ran for the Assembly on the National Progressive Party (Bull Moose) ticket. I do not believe that he won.

1980-The Churchill Park Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. A "Foote" history and genealogy mentions Willard O. Decker (B: 1857) as a coachman for Stephen. One of his hotel guests was Thomas E. Edison who he questioned about his invention of the incandescent lamp. Stephen asked him what was your most wonderful invention and Edison said the phonograph. I did not find a year for this event.

Dr. Stephen E. Churchill died October 29, 1917 in Stamford. In his will he left $25,000 to build a library (the school district voted to raise $20,000 more so that the building could be a library and gymnasium) and bequeathed to the village the 20 acre Mount Utsayantha property (where the fire tower is) to be a park. He wrote at the end of his will "with earnest wishes for the growth and prosperity of my beloved Stamford, the place of my nativity, and with peace and good will toward men." He is buried in the Stamford Cemetery.

References: My Reminiscences of an Active Life by Dr. Stephen E Churchill, scrapbooks,postcards and photos housed in the Stamford Village Library History Room, and,


Welcome Page of the Delaware County NY Genealogy and History Site . . . | . . . Table of Contents Page . . . | . . . Contact Site Manager

a service of the Delaware County Historical Association located at 46549 State Highway 10, Delhi, NY 13753

Online since 1996 - created and managed by Joyce Riedinger